Correction of tissue-motion effects on common-midpoint signals using reciprocal signals
ABSTRACT The near field signal redundancy algorithm for phase-aberration correction is sensitive to tissue motion because several separated transmissions are usually needed to acquire a set of common-midpoint signals. If tissues are moving significantly due to, for example, heart beats, the effects of tissue motion on common-midpoint signals need to be corrected before the phase-aberration profile can be successfully measured. Theoretical analyses in this paper show that the arrival-time difference between a pair of common-midpoint signals due to tissue motion is usually very similar to that between the pair of reciprocal signals acquired using the same two transmissions. Based on this conclusion, an algorithm for correcting tissue-motion effects on the peak position of cross-correlation functions between common-midpoint signals is proposed and initial experimental results are also presented.
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ABSTRACT: Timing errors in the transmitting and receiving electronic channels of an imaging system can generate different transmission and reception phase-aberration profiles. To decide if these two profiles need to be measured separately, an overlapping-subaperture algorithm has been proposed in a previous paper to measure the difference between timing errors in transmitting and receiving channels connected to each element in a two-dimensional array. This algorithm has been used to calibrate a custom built imaging system with a curved linear two-dimensional array, and the results are presented in this paper. The experimental results have demonstrated that the overlapping-subaperture algorithm is capable of calibrating the timing-error-difference profile of this imaging system with a standard deviation of only a few nanoseconds. Experimental results have also shown that the time-error-difference profile of this imaging system is smaller than one tenth of a wavelength and there is no need to measure the transmission and reception phase-aberration profiles separately. The derived average phase-aberration profile using the near-field signal-redundancy algorithm can be used to correct phase aberrations for both transmission and reception.Ultrasonics 08/2012; 52(8):1005-9. DOI:10.1016/j.ultras.2012.08.001 · 1.81 Impact Factor