Infective complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: results from a single centre.
ABSTRACT After its first introduction in 2002, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has continuously gained more foothold for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis and is nowadays a viable treatment option for inoperable patients or patients at high risk for conventional surgical aortic valve replacement. Although ideally carried out in a so-called hybrid room, incorporating both the strict hygiene and advanced life support possibilities of the operating theatre and the imaging and percutaneous arsenal of the catheterisation suite, in most centres TAVI is at present performed in the catheterisation laboratory. This may raise concern about an increased risk of infection, since there the criteria that are applied regarding disinfection and sterilisation are not as stringent as those of the operating theatre. Therefore, we retrospectively assessed the number of infective complications in patients undergoing TAVI in the catheterisation lab of our institution. Eleven out of 73 patients developed a postprocedural infection, one of which could be attributed to the procedure itself, being superinfection of a surgical groin cut-down. Our conclusion is that percutaneous aortic valve implantation in a catheterisation laboratory is not associated with an increased risk of infective complications.