Objective. To evaluate the association between the purported risk factors for chondrocalcinosis and gout and the risk of pseudogout in the general population. Methods. We conducted a case-control study nested within a UK general practice database (The Health Improvement Network) by identifying incident cases of pseudogout between 1986 and 2007 and up to 10 control subjects matched to each case, based on age, sex and follow-up time. We evaluated the purported risk factors for chondrocalcinosis (i.e. OA, RA, hyperparathyroidism and diuretics) and established risk factors for gout (as comparison exposures) using conditional logistic regression analysis. Results. We identified 795 cases of pseudogout and 7770 matched control subjects. The risk of pseudogout was associated with hyperparathyroidism [odds ratio (OR) 4.87; 95% CI 2.10, 11.3], OA (OR 2.91; 95% CI 2.48, 3.43) and loop diuretic use (OR 1.35; 95% CI 1.09, 1.67). RA, thiazide diuretic use, BMI and other gout risk factors were not associated with the risk of pseudogout, except for chronic renal failure (OR 2.29; 95% CI 1.30, 4.01). Conclusion. This general population study based on physician-recorded pseudogout suggests that most of the previously observed associations with chondrocalcinosis are replicable with the risk of pseudogout, but there are notable differences, such as thiazide diuretics, RA and chronic renal failure, highlighting the need to study the clinical outcome, pseudogout. Avoiding loop diuretics may help individuals with recurrent pseudogout.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With advanced age, articular calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition (CPPD) is common. Defining who has CPPD is of growing importance, given increases in longevity in many countries and the frequent association of chondrocalcinosis with osteoarthritis. Chondrocalcinosis detected by plain radiography serves as a major screening tool, but how many and which sites to screen have not been adequately defined in the past. The work of Abhishek and colleagues in the previous issue of Arthritis Research and Therapy sheds new light on the incomplete information from knee radiographs, and helps position us to learn more about the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and clinical impact of CPPD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Renal involvement and renal function disorders are commonplace in patients with rheumatic diseases and are often decisive for the prognosis. Typical nephrological complications in rheumatology are renal manifestations or delayed sequelae of the underlying disease in addition to drug-induced renal failure, e.g. by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The differentiation from other common causes of disturbed renal function (e.g. diabetes and hypertension) is important and often difficult in individual cases. Renal involvement can be clinically manifested in many different ways. The spectrum ranges from slight functional disorders with, for example discrete erythrocyturia/proteinuria and normal renal function up to rapidly progressive renal failure. The probability of renal damage also varies greatly between different underlying diseases. For example, renal involvement in rheumatoid arthritis is a rarity but in contrast relatively normal in systemic lupus erythematosus. In the course of the differential diagnostics urine sediment, protein values and sonography are still the most important factors and the indications for kidney biopsy should be generously applied. Early initiation of immunosuppression can substantially improve the renal prognosis of inflammatory systemic diseases.
Zeitschrift für Rheumatologie 08/2013; 72(6):555-70. DOI:10.1007/s00393-013-1182-1 · 0.61 Impact Factor
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