Management of chronic wounds with an innovative absorbent wound dressing.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of an innovative absorbent wound dressing (UrgoClean; Laboratoires Urgo) in the local management of venous leg ulcers and pressure ulcers, during the sloughy stage of the healing process.
A pilot, prospective, non-controlled open-label clinical trial held in 21 investigating centres. Adult patients, presenting with either a venous leg ulcer (VLU) or a category III/IV pressure ulcer (PU) with more than 50% of the surface area covered with sloughy tissue, a duration of less than 24 months, and no clinical signs of infection were included in the study. Patients were followed over a 6-week period with weekly visits, which included a physical examination, wound-area tracings and photographs by the investigating physician. Evaluations by the nursing staff and by the patients were made at each dressing stage.
Fifty patients with either a VLU (n=35) or a PU (n=15) were recruited. At baseline, mean wound surface area was 11.9 ± 11.3 cm(2) and 12.5 ± 10.7 cm(2), with a mean duration of 8.3 ± 6.4 months and 2.9 ± 3.0 months in the VLU and PU groups, respectively. Wounds in both groups were covered with more than 70% sloughy tissue, and the peri-lesional skin was considered to be healthy in 19 patients. By 6 weeks, mean wound surface area reduction in the VLU and PU groups was 23.7% and 29.2%, respectively, with full healing in 6 patients. All treated wounds were considered to be debrided by week 3 (<40% slough for all wounds) and the median relative decrease of the sloughy tissue, at week 6, in the VLU and PU groups was 75% and 89%, respectively. Dressing acceptability was documented as being very good for both patients and nursing staff, particularly conformability and ease of use, with no residue left on the wound bed at dressing removal and the dressing also remained in one piece. Seven local adverse events were deemed to be potentially related to the trial dressing.
The results suggest that the dressing promoted the healing process of chronic wounds, showing itself to be a credible therapeutic alternative for the sloughy stage of the wound-healing process. It also demonstrated good tolerance and acceptability.
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ABSTRACT: Chronic wounds are presumed to persist in the inflammatory state, preventing healing. Emerging evidence indicates a clinical impact of bacterial biofilms in soft tissues, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) biofilms. To further investigate this, we developed a chronic PA biofilm wound infection model in C3H/HeN and BALB/c mice. The chronic wound was established by an injection of seaweed alginate-embedded P. aeruginosa PAO1 beneath a third-degree thermal lesion providing full thickness skin necrosis, as in human chronic wounds. Cultures revealed growth of PA, and both alginate with or without PAO1 generated a polymorphonuclear-dominated inflammation early after infection. However, both at days 4 and 7, there were a more acute polymorphonuclear-dominated and higher degree of inflammation in the PAO1 containing group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, PNA-FISH and supplemented DAPI staining showed bacteria organized in clusters, resembling biofilms, and inflammation located adjacent to the PA. The chronic wound infection showed a higher number of PAO1 in the BALB/c mice at day 4 after infection as compared to C3H/HeN mice (p < 0.006). In addition, a higher concentration of interleukin-1beta in the chronic wounds of BALB/c mice was observed at day 7 (p < 0.02), despite a similar number of bacteria in the two mouse strains. The present study succeeded in establishing a chronic PA biofilm infection in mice. The results showed an aggravating impact of local inflammation induced by PA biofilms. In conclusion, our findings indicate that improved infection control of chronic wounds reduces the inflammatory response and may improve healing.Wound Repair and Regeneration 03/2013; 21(2):292-9. DOI:10.1111/wrr.12016 · 2.77 Impact Factor