Insertion sequences shared by Bordetella species and implications for the biological diagnosis of pertussis syndrome.
ABSTRACT The molecular diagnosis of pertussis and parapertussis syndromes is based on the detection of insertion sequences (IS) 481 and 1001, respectively. However, these IS are also detected in the genomes of various Bordetella species, such that they are not specific for either B. pertussis or B. parapertussis. Therefore, we screened the genome of recently circulating isolates of Bordetella species to compare the prevalence of IS481, IS1001 and, also IS1002 with previously published data and to sequence all IS detected. We also investigated whether the numbers of IS481 and IS1001 copies vary in recently circulating isolates of the different Bordetella species. We used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for screening the genome of circulating isolates and to prepare the fragments for sequencing. We used Southern blotting and quantitative real-time PCR for quantification of the numbers of IS. We found no significant diversity in the sequences of the IS harboured in the genomes of the Bordetella isolates screened, except for a 71-nucleotide deletion from IS1002 in B. bronchiseptica. The IS copy numbers in the genome of recently circulating isolates were similar to those in reference strains. Our results confirm that biological diagnosis targeting the IS481 and IS1001 elements are not specific and detect the species B. pertussis, B. holmesii and B. bronchiseptica (IS481), and B. parapertussis and B. bronchiseptica (IS1001).
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ABSTRACT: A novel multitarget real-time PCR (RT-PCR) assay for the rapid identification of Bordetella pertussis, B. parapertussis, and B. holmesii was developed using multicopy insertion sequences (ISs) in combination with the pertussis toxin subunit S1 (ptxS1) singleplex assay. The RT-PCR targets for the multiplex assay include IS481, commonly found in B. pertussis and B. holmesii; IS1001 of B. parapertussis; and the IS1001-like sequence of B. holmesii. Overall, 402 Bordetella species and 66 non-Bordetella species isolates were tested in the multitarget assay. Cross-reactivity was found only with 5 B. bronchiseptica isolates, which were positive with IS1001 of B. parapertussis. The lower limit of detection (LLOD) of the multiplex assay was similar to the LLOD of each target in an individual assay format, which was approximately 1 genomic equivalent per reaction for all targets. A total of 197 human clinical specimens obtained during cough-illness outbreak investigations were used to evaluate the multitarget RT-PCR assay. The multiplex assay results from 87 clinical specimens were compared to the individual RT-PCR assay and culture results. The multitarget assay is useful as a diagnostic tool to confirm B. pertussis infections and to rapidly identify other Bordetella species. In conclusion, the use of this multitarget RT-PCR approach increases specificity, while it decreases the amount of time, reagents, and specimen necessary for RT-PCRs used for accurate diagnosis of pertussis-like illness.Journal of clinical microbiology 09/2011; 49(12):4059-66. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BP3385 has been proposed as a diagnostic PCR target for discriminating between Bordetella pertussis and other Bordetella species that also infect humans. Our results demonstrate that this gene is also present in some strains of Bordetella hinzii and Bordetella bronchiseptica.Journal of clinical microbiology 09/2010; 48(9):3334-7. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Detection of Bordetella holmesii by a real-time PCR assay targeting IS481 of Bordetella pertussis is reported. Sequencing of IS481-specific PCR products from B. pertussis and B. holmesii isolates revealed sequence homology. Restriction fragment length polymorphism demonstrated a low copy number of IS481-like sequences in B. holmesii. These results, and culture of B. holmesii from patients with cough, suggest that the specificity and predictive value of IS481-based PCR assays for pertussis may be compromised.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 06/2001; 39(5):1963-6. · 4.07 Impact Factor