miR-142-3p is essential for hematopoiesis and affects cardiac cell fate in zebrafish.
ABSTRACT MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role during embryonic development and are required for proper organogenesis, including hematopoiesis. Recent studies suggest that, in the early mesoderm, there is an interaction between the hematopoietic and cardiac lineages. However, whether miRNAs can affect other lineages remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether hematopoietic miR-142-3p modulated the mesoderm formation. We report that knockdown (KD) of miR-142-3p, a hematopoietic-specific miRNA, in zebrafish resulted in loss of hematopoiesis during embryonic development. Intriguingly, we observed abnormal cardiac phenotypes and insufficiency of somitegenesis in KD-morphants. In the early developmental stage, a tiny heart, contractile dysfunction in the ventricle, cardiac arrhythmia (e.g. a 2:1 ratio of atrial:ventricular beating), and bradycardia were consistently observed. Histological examination revealed severe hypoplasia of the ventricle and disrupted muscle alignment. To determine the mechanism, we performed DNA microarray analysis. The results revealed that the expression of several mesodermal genes essential for the formation of cardiac and somatic mesoderm, such as no tail, T-box gene 16, mesoderm posterior a, one eye pinhead, and rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase (Rock2a), were increased in miR-142-3p KD-morphants. The luciferase reporter assay revealed that miR-142-3p repressed luciferase activity on the Rock2a 3'-UTR. The findings of the present study indicate that miR-142-3p plays a critical role in hematopoiesis, cardiogenesis, and somitegenesis in the early stage of mesoderm formation via regulation of Rock2a.
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ABSTRACT: Vertebrate hematopoietic stem cells are derived from vental mesoderm, which is postulated to migrate to both extra- and intraembryonic positions during gastrula and neurula stages. Extraembryonic migration has previously been documented, but the origin and migration of intraembryonic hematopoietic cells have not been visualized. The zebrafish and most other teleosts do not form yolk sac blood islands during early embryogenesis, but instead hematopoiesis occurs solely in a dorsal location known as the intermediate cell mass (IM) or Oellacher. In this report, we have isolated cDNAs encoding zebrafish homologs of the hematopoietic transcription factors GATA-1 and GATA-2 and have used these markers to determine that the IM is formed from mesodermal cells in a posterior-lateral position on the yolk syncytial layer of the gastrula yolk sac. Surprisingly, cells of the IM then migrate anteriorly through most of the body length prior to the onset of active circulation and exit onto the yolk sac. These findings support a hypothesis in which the hematopoietic program of vertebrates is established by variations in homologous migration pathways of extra- and intraembryonic progenitors.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 12/1995; 92(23):10713-7. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aorta-gonads-mesonephros (AGM) region of the mouse embryo has been assigned as the origin of definitive hematopoiesis. The transcription factor GATA-2 has specific but unclarified roles in early hematopoiesis. To elucidate the expression profile of GATA-2, we prepared transgenic mouse lines containing the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene driven by GATA-2 gene regulatory elements. We also prepared a mouse line in which GFP reporter sequences were inserted into the endogenous GATA-2 gene. Both mouse mutants expressed GFP in the early hematopoietic tissues. The CD45 antigen, a marker of hematopoietic cells, was expressed in a small fraction of transgene (TG)-derived GFP+ cells. The remaining TG-GFP+/CD45- cells were adherent to plastic and produced CD45+ hematopoietic cells abundantly when cultured in vitro. Exogenous expression of GATA-2 in TG-GFP+/CD45- cells from the AGM region inhibited their differentiation into CD45+ cells. Loss of GATA-2 function through the disruption of the GATA-2 locus enhanced the earlier emergence of CD45+ cells in the yolk sac of the 9.5-day conceptus. These results demonstrated that GATA-2 is expressed in the precursor of hematopoietic cells and works as a gatekeeper to preserve their immaturity. A reduction of GATA-2 expression or activity is required for the differentiation of precursors to hematopoietic cells.Blood 09/2003; 102(3):896-905. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an abundant class of approximately 22-nucleotide regulatory RNAs found in plants and animals. Some miRNAs of plants, Caenorhabditis elegans, and Drosophila play important gene-regulatory roles during development by pairing to target mRNAs to specify posttranscriptional repression of these messages. We identify three miRNAs that are specifically expressed in hematopoietic cells and show that their expression is dynamically regulated during early hematopoiesis and lineage commitment. One of these miRNAs, miR-181, was preferentially expressed in the B-lymphoid cells of mouse bone marrow, and its ectopic expression in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells led to an increased fraction of B-lineage cells in both tissue-culture differentiation assays and adult mice. Our results indicate that microRNAs are components of the molecular circuitry that controls mouse hematopoiesis and suggest that other microRNAs have similar regulatory roles during other facets of vertebrate development.Science 02/2004; 303(5654):83-6. · 31.20 Impact Factor