Serum Resistin and Inflammatory and Endothelial Activation Markers in Obese Adolescents.

Pediatric Sport Medicine and Obesity Care Program, Service of Pediatric Specialties, Department of Child and Adolescent, University Hospitals of Geneva and University of Geneva, Switzerland.
The Journal of pediatrics (Impact Factor: 4.02). 08/2012; 161(6). DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.05.063
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of serum resistin in obese and lean children and to establish a relationship with circulating inflammatory and vascular markers. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study including 67 obese and 62 lean children (mean age 10.9 ± 2.8 years, age range 5.4-16.6 years). We assessed circulating hormones (insulin, leptin, insulin-like growth factor 1), markers of inflammation (resistin, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, chemokine ligand 2), and endothelial cell activation (vascular and intercellular adhesion molecules: vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 and intercellular adhesion molecule; E-selectin; P-selectin; endothelin 1). RESULTS: Body weight, body mass index (BMI), insulin, leptin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, vascular adhesion molecule 1, and E-selectin levels were significantly higher in obese than in lean subjects. Resistin was similar among the groups in the prepubertal period, but increased significantly in the obese adolescents (18.6 ± 24.9) compared with lean subjects (7.9 ± 10.7 ng/mL; P = .038). Resistin was not associated with BMI z score (P > .05). Subjects with resistin levels above 9 (ng/mL) had higher concentration of interleukin-6, chemokine ligand 2, endothelin-1, and insulin-like growth factor 1 but not of leptin, insulin, or BMI. CONCLUSION: Resistin was increased in obese adolescents independently of the quantity of the adipose tissue. In this population, increased resistin levels were related to inflammation and endothelial activation. We may hypothesize that interventions aiming to diminish resistin expression may slow down atherogenesis in adolescents.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous research has found a correlation between resistin and lipid level variations. Polymorphisms in the resistin gene (RETN) could be involved in this relationship, but the results of the different studies are contradictory. The aim of this study was to examine the association between resistin and lipid levels, and to determine whether resistin polymorphisms are associated with resistin levels and lipid profile in prepubertal children and adolescents. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1862513 and rs10401670 were analyzed in 442 randomly selected 6- to 8-year-old children and 827 children aged 12-16 years. Anthropometric data were recorded. Lipid profile was determined using standard methods. Serum resistin levels were measured using a multiplexed bead immunoassay. Resistin polymorphisms were determined by TaqMan(®) allelic discrimination assays. A relationship was found between serum levels of resistin and the SNP rs10401670 in 6- to 8-year-old boys. SNP rs10401670 was also related to TC and LDL-cholesterol in 12- to 16-year-old boys and to HDL-C in 12- to 16-year-old girls. SNP rs1862513 was not related to any of the studied variables. Serum resistin levels were significantly and negatively associated with ApoAI levels in 12- to 16-year-old girls. A SNP in the 3'UTR region of RETN (rs10401670) is associated with resistin levels and lipid profile in children, showing different associations depending on age and gender.
    Molecular Biology Reports 08/2014; · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The relationship of resistin levels with obesity remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine resistin levels in prepubertal children and adolescents and evaluate their association with anthropometric parameters and body composition. The study population included 420 randomly selected 6- to 8-year-old children and 712 children aged 12 to 16 years. Anthropometric data were measured and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios were calculated. Body composition was assessed using an impedance body composition analyzer. Serum resistin levels were determined using a multiplexed bead immunoassay. Resistin levels were not significantly different between sexes. No significant differences in serum resistin concentrations were found between obese, overweight, and normal weight children at any age, and no significant correlations were observed between resistin concentrations and weight or BMI. However, resistin levels showed a significant positive correlation with fat mass in 12- to 16-year-old children, particularly in girls. In addition to describing serum resistin levels in prepubertal children and adolescents, our study suggests that resistin is related to body fat rather than to BMI in adolescents.
    Peptides 09/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether serum resistin levels are related to cardiovascular risk in obese children. Cross-sectional study of 110 children (40 normal weight and 70 severely obese). Clinical and biochemical parameters, including lipid profile, fasting glucose and insulin, and homocysteine, were determined. The levels of adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin), markers of inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)), endothelial activation (serum concentrations of soluble intercellular and vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1, sVCAM-1)), and oxidative/nitrosative stress (malondialdehyde and urinary nitrate/nitrite) were measured. A partial correlation adjusted by gender, Tanner stage, and body mass index in obese children showed that resistin was significantly related to central obesity (p<0.002), insulin resistance (p<0.005), and homocysteine (p<0.001). No association was found with other metabolic risk factors or hs-CRP levels. Malondialdehyde (p<0.043) and sVCAM-1 (p<0.002) were positively correlated whereas urinary nitrate/nitrite was negatively correlated (p<0.007). In multiple regression analysis homocysteine, sVCAM-1, and urinary nitrate/nitrite remained independent determinants of resistin levels (R(2) adjusted=0.347, p=0.000). Resistin could be considered as a promising marker for future cardiovascular disease in obese children.
    Clinical biochemistry 10/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor


Available from
May 27, 2014