Serum Resistin and Inflammatory and Endothelial Activation Markers in Obese Adolescents.

Pediatric Sport Medicine and Obesity Care Program, Service of Pediatric Specialties, Department of Child and Adolescent, University Hospitals of Geneva and University of Geneva, Switzerland.
The Journal of pediatrics (Impact Factor: 4.02). 08/2012; DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.05.063
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of serum resistin in obese and lean children and to establish a relationship with circulating inflammatory and vascular markers. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study including 67 obese and 62 lean children (mean age 10.9 ± 2.8 years, age range 5.4-16.6 years). We assessed circulating hormones (insulin, leptin, insulin-like growth factor 1), markers of inflammation (resistin, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, chemokine ligand 2), and endothelial cell activation (vascular and intercellular adhesion molecules: vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 and intercellular adhesion molecule; E-selectin; P-selectin; endothelin 1). RESULTS: Body weight, body mass index (BMI), insulin, leptin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, vascular adhesion molecule 1, and E-selectin levels were significantly higher in obese than in lean subjects. Resistin was similar among the groups in the prepubertal period, but increased significantly in the obese adolescents (18.6 ± 24.9) compared with lean subjects (7.9 ± 10.7 ng/mL; P = .038). Resistin was not associated with BMI z score (P > .05). Subjects with resistin levels above 9 (ng/mL) had higher concentration of interleukin-6, chemokine ligand 2, endothelin-1, and insulin-like growth factor 1 but not of leptin, insulin, or BMI. CONCLUSION: Resistin was increased in obese adolescents independently of the quantity of the adipose tissue. In this population, increased resistin levels were related to inflammation and endothelial activation. We may hypothesize that interventions aiming to diminish resistin expression may slow down atherogenesis in adolescents.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The constellation of obesity, insulin resistance, and serum adipocytokine levels is associated with the risk and prognosis of postmenopausal breast cancer (PBC). Altered secretion of resistin may underlie the association between overweight/obesity and PBC. We thus explored the association of serum resistin with PBC, taking into account established risk factors, including adipokines and anthropometric, metabolic, and inflammatory markers. METHODS: In a case-control study, we studied 102 postmenopausal women with pathologically confirmed, incident invasive breast cancer and 102 control participants matched on age and time of diagnosis between 2003 and 2010 at the Veterans' Administration General Hospital of Athens (NIMTS Hospital). Serum resistin, adiponectin, leptin, metabolic (homeostasis model assessment score of insulin resistance) and inflammatory (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) parameters, and tumor markers (carcinoembryonic antigen and CA 15-3) were determined. RESULTS: The mean serum resistin level was significantly higher in case participants than in control participants (P < 0.001) in both univariate and multivariable analyses, adjusting for age, date of diagnosis, education, family history of cancer, use of exogenous hormones, alcohol consumption, smoking status, physical activity, reproductive markers, metabolic markers, anthropometric (body mass index and weight circumference) markers, inflammatory markers, and adipokines (odds ratio, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.03-1.34; P = 0.02). In case participants, resistin level correlated significantly with tumor markers and inflammatory parameters, but not with metabolic and anthropometric variables. CONCLUSIONS: Further prospective, longitudinal, and mechanistic studies are needed to determine whether hyperresistinemia is involved in the development of PBC or reflects changes during PBC progression and therefore could be used as a biomarker for PBC. Targeting resistin inhibition could be an effective therapeutic strategy in breast cancer by down-regulating the inflammatory microenvironment in breast tissue.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether serum resistin levels are related to cardiovascular risk in obese children. Cross-sectional study of 110 children (40 normal weight and 70 severely obese). Clinical and biochemical parameters, including lipid profile, fasting glucose and insulin, and homocysteine, were determined. The levels of adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin), markers of inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)), endothelial activation (serum concentrations of soluble intercellular and vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1, sVCAM-1)), and oxidative/nitrosative stress (malondialdehyde and urinary nitrate/nitrite) were measured. A partial correlation adjusted by gender, Tanner stage, and body mass index in obese children showed that resistin was significantly related to central obesity (p<0.002), insulin resistance (p<0.005), and homocysteine (p<0.001). No association was found with other metabolic risk factors or hs-CRP levels. Malondialdehyde (p<0.043) and sVCAM-1 (p<0.002) were positively correlated whereas urinary nitrate/nitrite was negatively correlated (p<0.007). In multiple regression analysis homocysteine, sVCAM-1, and urinary nitrate/nitrite remained independent determinants of resistin levels (R(2) adjusted=0.347, p=0.000). Resistin could be considered as a promising marker for future cardiovascular disease in obese children.
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship of resistin levels with obesity remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine resistin levels in prepubertal children and adolescents and evaluate their association with anthropometric parameters and body composition. The study population included 420 randomly selected 6- to 8-year-old children and 712 children aged 12 to 16 years. Anthropometric data were measured and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios were calculated. Body composition was assessed using an impedance body composition analyzer. Serum resistin levels were determined using a multiplexed bead immunoassay. Resistin levels were not significantly different between sexes. No significant differences in serum resistin concentrations were found between obese, overweight, and normal weight children at any age, and no significant correlations were observed between resistin concentrations and weight or BMI. However, resistin levels showed a significant positive correlation with fat mass in 12- to 16-year-old children, particularly in girls. In addition to describing serum resistin levels in prepubertal children and adolescents, our study suggests that resistin is related to body fat rather than to BMI in adolescents.
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May 27, 2014