Serum Resistin and Inflammatory and Endothelial Activation Markers in Obese Adolescents

Pediatric Sport Medicine and Obesity Care Program, Service of Pediatric Specialties, Department of Child and Adolescent, University Hospitals of Geneva and University of Geneva, Switzerland.
The Journal of pediatrics (Impact Factor: 3.74). 08/2012; 161(6). DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.05.063
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of serum resistin in obese and lean children and to establish a relationship with circulating inflammatory and vascular markers. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study including 67 obese and 62 lean children (mean age 10.9 ± 2.8 years, age range 5.4-16.6 years). We assessed circulating hormones (insulin, leptin, insulin-like growth factor 1), markers of inflammation (resistin, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, chemokine ligand 2), and endothelial cell activation (vascular and intercellular adhesion molecules: vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 and intercellular adhesion molecule; E-selectin; P-selectin; endothelin 1). RESULTS: Body weight, body mass index (BMI), insulin, leptin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, vascular adhesion molecule 1, and E-selectin levels were significantly higher in obese than in lean subjects. Resistin was similar among the groups in the prepubertal period, but increased significantly in the obese adolescents (18.6 ± 24.9) compared with lean subjects (7.9 ± 10.7 ng/mL; P = .038). Resistin was not associated with BMI z score (P > .05). Subjects with resistin levels above 9 (ng/mL) had higher concentration of interleukin-6, chemokine ligand 2, endothelin-1, and insulin-like growth factor 1 but not of leptin, insulin, or BMI. CONCLUSION: Resistin was increased in obese adolescents independently of the quantity of the adipose tissue. In this population, increased resistin levels were related to inflammation and endothelial activation. We may hypothesize that interventions aiming to diminish resistin expression may slow down atherogenesis in adolescents.

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    Molecular Biology Reports 08/2014; 41(11). DOI:10.1007/s11033-014-3658-8 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether serum resistin levels are related to cardiovascular risk in obese children. Cross-sectional study of 110 children (40 normal weight and 70 severely obese). Clinical and biochemical parameters, including lipid profile, fasting glucose and insulin, and homocysteine, were determined. The levels of adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin), markers of inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)), endothelial activation (serum concentrations of soluble intercellular and vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1, sVCAM-1)), and oxidative/nitrosative stress (malondialdehyde and urinary nitrate/nitrite) were measured. A partial correlation adjusted by gender, Tanner stage, and body mass index in obese children showed that resistin was significantly related to central obesity (p<0.002), insulin resistance (p<0.005), and homocysteine (p<0.001). No association was found with other metabolic risk factors or hs-CRP levels. Malondialdehyde (p<0.043) and sVCAM-1 (p<0.002) were positively correlated whereas urinary nitrate/nitrite was negatively correlated (p<0.007). In multiple regression analysis homocysteine, sVCAM-1, and urinary nitrate/nitrite remained independent determinants of resistin levels (R(2) adjusted=0.347, p=0.000). Resistin could be considered as a promising marker for future cardiovascular disease in obese children.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Among the inflammatory mediators involved in the pathogenesis of obesity, the cell adhesion molecules P-selectin, E-selectin, VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and the chemokine MCP-1 stand out. They play a crucial role in adherence of cells to endothelial surfaces, in the integrity of the vascular wall and can be modulated by body composition and dietary pattern. Objectives: To describe and discuss the relation of these cell adhesion molecules and chemokines to anthropometric, body composition, dietary and biochemical markers. Methods: Papers were located using scientific databases by topic searches with no restriction on year of publication. Results: All molecules were associated positively with anthropometric markers, but controversial results were found for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Not only obesity, but visceral fat is more strongly correlated with E-selectin and MCP-1 levels. Weight loss influences the reduction in the levels of these molecules, except VCAM-1. The distribution of macronutrients, excessive consumption of saturated and trans fat and a Western dietary pattern are associated with increased levels. The opposite could be observed with supplementation of w-3 fatty acid, healthy dietary pattern, high calcium diet and high dairy intake. Regarding the biochemical parameters, they have inverse relation to HDL-C and positive relation to total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose, fasting insulin and insulin resistance. Conclusion: Normal anthropometric indicators, body composition, biochemical parameters and eating pattern positively modulate the subclinical inflammation that results from obesity by reducing the cell adhesion molecules and chemokines.
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May 27, 2014