Non-invasive ventilation for weaning, avoiding reintubation after extubation and in the postoperative period: a meta-analysis.

NICE Scholar 2010 and Department of Critical Care, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK.
BJA British Journal of Anaesthesia (Impact Factor: 4.24). 09/2012; 109(3):305-14. DOI: 10.1093/bja/aes270
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a supportive therapy that improves mortality in acute respiratory failure (RF). It may also be used in patients recently extubated in intensive care units (ICUs), after operation, and to aid weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV) by reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with further MV. A meta-analysis of the available evidence was performed on the use of NIV in three areas: weaning, reduction in reintubation rates post-extubation on ICU, and reduction in RF after major surgery. Sixteen relevant randomized controlled trials were identified by three reviewers after a detailed search of identified medical databases. A meta-analysis of summary statistics relating to predetermined endpoints (ICU and hospital length of stay, ICU and hospital mortality, reintubation, pneumonia) was performed. NIV reduced the ICU length of stay when used for weaning (5.12 days) and post-surgery (0.44 days). NIV reduced reintubation rates post-surgery [odds ratio (OR) 0.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.12-0.50] and the incidence of pneumonia in weaning (OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.05-0.31) and post-surgery (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.09-0.77). There was insufficient evidence to suggest that NIV improves ICU survival, but an increased hospital survival in weaning (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.31-0.98) and post-surgery (OR 4.54, 0.95% CI 1.35-15.31) was seen. A meta analysis of NIV use in selected subgroups of recently extubated patients suggests that the judicious NIV use may reduce ICU and hospital length of stay, pneumonia, and reintubation rates and hospital survival.

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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) is a newly proposed concept that is common among adults undergoing noncardiac surgery and associated with substantial mortality. We analyzed whether MINS was a risk factor for weaning failure in critical patients who underwent major abdominal surgery. This retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Peking University People's Hospital. The subjects were all critically ill patients who underwent major abdominal surgery between January 2011 and December 2013. Clinical and laboratory parameters during the perioperative period were investigated. Backward stepwise regression analysis was performed to evaluate MINS relative to the rate of weaning failure. Age, hypertension, chronic renal disease, left ventricular ejection fraction before surgery, Acute Physiologic and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, pleural effusion, pneumonia, acute kidney injury, duration of mechanical ventilation before weaning and the level of albumin after surgery were treated as independent variables. This study included 381 patients, of whom 274 were successfully weaned. MINS was observed in 42.0% of the patients. The MINS incidence was significantly higher in patients who failed to be weaned compared to patients who were successfully weaned (56.1% versus 36.5%; P<0.001). Independent predictive factors of weaning failure were MINS, age, lower left ventricular ejection fraction before surgery and lower serum albumin level after surgery. The MINS odds ratio was 4.098 (95% confidence interval, 1.07 to 15.6; P = 0.04). The patients who were successfully weaned had shorter hospital stay lengths and a higher survival rate than those who failed to be weaned. MINS is a risk factor for weaning failure from mechanical ventilation in critical patients who have undergone major abdominal surgery, independent of age, lower left ventricular ejection fraction before surgery and lower serum albumin levels after surgery.
    PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e113410. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non‐invasive ventilation is an accepted treatment modality in both acute exacerbations of respiratory diseases and chronic obstructive lung disease. It is commonly utilized in the intensive care units, or for postoperative respiratory support in post‐anesthesia care units. This report describes intraoperative support in non‐invasive ventilation to neuroaxial anesthesia for an emergency upper abdominal surgery.
    Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia 11/2014; · 0.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) for the treatment of patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) has greatly increased in the last decades. In contrast, the increasing knowledge of its effectiveness and physician confidence in managing this technique have been accompanied by a declining number of available ICU beds. As a consequence, the application of NIV outside the ICU has been reported as a growing phenomenon. Previously published surveys highlighted a great heterogeneity in NIV use, clinical indications, settings, and efficacy. Moreover, they revealed a marked heterogeneity with regard to staff training and technical and organizational aspects. We performed the first worldwide web-based survey focused on NIV use in general wards for ARF. METHODS: A questionnaire to obtain data regarding hospital and ICU characteristics, settings and modalities of NIV application and monitoring, estimated outcomes, technical and organizational aspects, and observed complications was developed. The multiple-choice anonymous questionnaire to be filled out online was distributed worldwide by mail, LinkedIn, and Facebook professional groups. RESULTS: One-hundred fifty-seven questionnaires were filled out and analyzed. Respondents were from 51 countries from all 5 continents. NIV application in general wards was reported by 66% of respondents. Treatments were reported as increasing in 57% of cases. Limited training and human resources were the most common reasons for not using NIV in general wards. Overall, most respondents perceived that NIV avoids tracheal intubation in most cases; worsening of ARF, intolerance, and inability to manage secretions were the most commonly reported causes of NIV failure. CONCLUSIONS: Use of NIV in general wards was reported as effective, common, and gradually increasing. Improvement in staff training and introduction of protocols could help to make this technique safer and more common when applied in general wards setting.
    Respiratory care 11/2014; · 1.84 Impact Factor

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