High expression of ADAM8 correlates with poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma.
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between ADAM8 tissue expression and patient prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: ADAM8 expression was analyzed using immunohistochemical staining methods on tissue samples from a consecutive series of 105 HCC patients who underwent resections between 2000 and 2006. The correlation of ADAM8 expression and patients' clinicopathological parameters was evaluated. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox's proportional hazards model. RESULTS: ADAM8 was highly expressed in 54.3% of the HCC patients. The ADAM8 expression level was closely associated with serum AFP elevation, tumor size, histological differentiation, tumor recurrence, tumor metastasis, and tumor stage. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that a high expression level of ADAM8 resulted in a significantly poor prognosis of HCC patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that ADAM8 expression level was an independent prognostic parameter for the overall survival rate of HCC patients. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that a high expression level of ADAM8 serves as a biomarker for poor prognosis for HCC. Thus, we speculate that ADAM8 may be a potential target of antiangiogenic therapy for HCC.
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ABSTRACT: The messenger RNA and DNA methylation of the alpha-fetoprotein gene were studied in 101 resected primary hepatocellular carcinomas, of which 93 were unicentric and 8 were multicentric. Fifty-five were 5 cm or less in diameter (small) and 46 were more than 5 cm in diameter (large). In 48.5% of the cases, we detected alpha-fetoprotein messenger RNA in hepatocellular carcinomas, more frequently in large (60.9%) than in small (38.2%; p < 0.00001) but not in any of the nontumorous livers. The alpha-fetoprotein messenger RNA was detected in 83%, 70% and 6.8% of patients with serum alpha-fetoprotein levels of 320 ng/ml or more, 100 to 319 ng/ml and less than 100 ng/ml, respectively. This finding suggests that alpha-fetoprotein gene expression in hepatocellular carcinoma contributes to the serum alpha-fetoprotein elevation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. alpha-Fetoprotein messenger RNA appeared as a major band of 2.4 kb, with two minor species of about 6.5 and 3.6 kb in the hepatocellular carcinoma and the fetal liver. Hypomethylation of the 5' end of the alpha-fetoprotein gene was detected in 78.3% of hepatocellular carcinomas expressing alpha-fetoprotein messenger RNA but infrequently (16.7%) in hepatocellular carcinomas with no detectable alpha-fetoprotein messenger RNA (p < 0.0003). This finding suggests that hypomethylation at the 5' region of the gene is associated with alpha-fetoprotein gene reexpression in hepatocellular carcinoma. The alpha-fetoprotein gene expression helped to differentiate unicentric from multicentric hepatocellular carcinomas and to identify other hidden alpha-fetoprotein-secreting hepatocellular carcinomas.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)Hepatology 01/1993; 17(1):35-41. · 12.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cytokeratin 19 is a subunit of cytokeratin intermediate filament expressed in simple epithelia and their malignant counterparts. Therefore, it is expressed by respiratory epithelium cells and has been detected in lung cancer specimens. An immunoradiometric assay was used to detect a fragment of the cytokeratin 19, referred to as CYFRA 21-1, in the serum of 165 patients with histologically proved lung cancer (128 non-small cell and 37 small cell lung cancers). This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the reliability of this immunoradiometric assay and to identify the relationship between serum CYFRA 21-1 and different features of lung cancer including prognosis. The minimal detectable concentration detected by this assay was 0.06 ng/ml. The reliability of the immunoradiometric assay was demonstrated by the linear relationship between CYFRA 21-1 measurement and dilution of the serum, the reproducibility of the dosage in intraassay and interassay, and the high sensitivity of the method in discriminating low CYFRA 21-1 concentrations. Using a threshold of 3.6 ng/ml, sensitivity and specificity were 0.52 and 0.87, respectively. The sensitivity of the marker was highest in squamous cell carcinoma and lowest in small cell carcinoma. In non-small cell lung cancer patients, the marker varied significantly according to both stage of the disease (Kruskal-Wallis, 13.7; P < 0.005) and performance status (Kruskal-Wallis, 9.16; P < 0.05) inasmuch as a high serum CYFRA 21-1 level was associated with advanced stages, mediastinal lymph nodes, and poor performance status. Consequently, the marker was significantly lower in patients who were operated upon when compared with unresectable ones. Lung cancer patients with serum CYFRA 21-1 over 3.6 ng/ml proved to have a significantly shorter overall survival than those with a normal serum level (log rank, P = 0.007; Wilcoxon, P = 0.001). The negative prognostic effect of CYFRA 21-1 was highly significant in squamous cell carcinomas whereas it was nonsignificant for the other histologies. In Cox's model analysis, performance status, stage grouping, and CYFRA 21-1 were the only significant determinants of survival. This study supports the use of the serum fragment of cytokeratin subunit 19 CYFRA 21-1 as an independent prognostic marker of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung.Cancer Research 01/1993; 53(1):61-6. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Breast cancers have higher than normal glucose metabolism, but the mechanism of glucose entry into these tumors is not well understood. The expression of five facilitative glucose transporters, Glut-1 (erythrocyte type), Glut-2 (liver type), Glut-3 (brain type), Glut-4 (muscle/fat type), and Glut-5 (small intestine type), was studied by immunohistochemistry of paraffin sections from 12 primary human breast cancers and 8 lymph node metastases from 2 patients. Rat tissues known to express these glucose transporters were used as controls. All the primary breast cancers and the lymph node metastases were positive for Glut-1. This transporter was expressed on the cell membrane and in the cytoplasm of the tumor cells, but exhibited marked intratumoral and intertumoral variability in the proportions of positive cells and the intensity of staining. Staining of the normal mammary epithelium, if present, was much lower than observed in tumor cells from the same patient. Glut-2 was expressed in all of the tumors, but the intensity of staining was not consistently stronger than that seen in healthy breast. Clusters of Glut-4-positive granule were observed in cells in six of the tumors. None of the tumors or the healthy breast in the tissues studied expressed Glut-3 or Glut-5. Higher expression of the glucose transporter Glut-1 by breast cancer cells compared with the healthy breast tissue is common. Increased glucose transporter protein expression may contribute to the increased uptake of 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) by these tumors observed by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.Cancer 12/1993; 72(10):2979-85. · 5.20 Impact Factor