Article

Paraoesophageal hernia: an overview.

Department of Surgery, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.
British journal of hospital medicine (London, England: 2005) (Impact Factor: 0.37). 08/2012; 73(8):437-40. DOI: 10.12968/hmed.2012.73.8.437
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Paraoesophageal hernias are a rare but clinically important type of hiatus hernia. Gastric volvulus and perforation may ensue. Investigation and management is determined by patient presentation. This review summarizes current research regarding paraoesophageal hernias.

1 Follower
 · 
131 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The most appropriate approach to the repair of large paraesophageal hernias remains controversial. Despite early results of excellent outcomes after laparoscopic repair, recent reports of high recurrence require that this approach be reevaluated. For this study, 60 primary paraesophageal hernias consecutively repaired at one institution from 1990 to 2002 were reviewed. These 25 open transabdominal and 35 laparoscopic repairs were compared for operative, short-, and long-term outcomes on the basis of quality-of -life questionnaires and radiographs. No difference in patient characteristics was detected. Laparoscopic repair resulted in lower blood loss, fewer intraoperative complications, and a shorter length of hospital stay. No difference in general or disease-specific quality-of-life was documented. Radiographic follow-up was available for 78% open and 91% laparoscopic repairs, showing anatomic recurrence rates of 44% and 23%, respectively (p = 0.11). Laparoscopic repair should remain in the forefront for the management of paraesophageal hernias. However, there is considerable room for improvement in reducing the incidence of recurrence.
    Surgical Endoscopy 02/2005; 19(1):4-8. DOI:10.1007/s00464-004-8903-0 · 3.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several studies have shown that large hiatal hernias are associated with a high recurrence rate. Despite the problem of recurrence, the technique of hiatal herniorrhaphy has not changed appreciably since its inception. In this 3-year study we have evaluated laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in individuals with a hernia defect greater than 8 cm in diameter. A series of 35 patients with sliding or paraesophageal hiatal hernias was prospectively randomized to hiatal hernia repair with (n = 17) or without (n = 18) polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). All patients had an endoscopic and radiographic diagnosis of large hiatal hernia. Both repairs were performed by using interrupted stitches to approximate the crurae. In the group randomized to repair with prosthesis, PTFE mesh with a 3-cm "keyhole" was positioned around the gastroesophageal junction with the esophagus through the keyhole. The PTFE was stapled to the diaphragm and crura with a hernia stapler. Patients were followed with EGD and esophagogram at 3 months postoperatively, and with esophagogram every 6 months thereafter. Individuals with PTFE had a longer operation time, but the 2-day hospital stay was the same in both groups. The cost of the repair was $1050 +/- $135 more in the group with the prosthesis. There were two complications (1 pneumonia, 1 urinary retention) in the group repaired with PTFE and one complication (pneumothorax) in the group without prosthesis. The group without PTFE was notable for three (16.7%) recurrences within the first 6 months of surgery. On the basis of these preliminary results it appears that repair with PTFE may confer an advantage, with lower rates of recurrence in patients with large hiatal hernia defects.
    Surgical Endoscopy 10/1999; 13(9):906-8. DOI:10.1007/s004649901131 · 3.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Once paraesophageal hernia has been diagnosed, it should be repaired immediately because of life-threatening complications such as bleeding, ischemia, and perforation when intrathoracic strangulation or volvulus occurs. We describe our surgical strategy for treating this rare type of hiatal hernia with regard to early and late postoperative complications. This was a retrospective case series from a university hospital. Twelve patients (seven women and five men) with a mean age of 64 years (range, 50-76 years) and a completely intrathoracic stomach underwent laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair. Seven patients had a type 2 hernia, and five patients had a type 3 hernia. Additional organoaxial volvulus was present in three patients. All patients underwent reduction of the stomach and the greater omentum, excision of the hernia sac, closure of the hiatal defect, and a floppy Nissen fundoplication. Because of severe adhesions, one patient needed an open stomach reduction (conversion rate, 8%). The mean operating time was 161 minutes (range, 110-200 minutes), blood loss was minimal, and the mean postoperative hospital stay was 6 days (range, 4-7 days). There were no intraoperative complications, but early postoperative complications occurred in three patients (25%; one with dysphagia, 1 reoperation due to organoaxial gastric rotation with gastroduodenal obstruction, and one with deep venous thrombosis). No deaths occurred. Followup in all patients is complete, with a mean followup time of 21 months (range, 3-40 months). The complication rate after long-term followup was 8%, and reflux esophagitis symptoms in one patient were completely relieved by medical therapy. Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair was feasible and safe with low morbidity and mortality rates in this elderly patient group. To achieve good long-term results, standard surgical treatment should include reduction of the stomach, complete excision of the hernia sac, closure of the hiatal defect, floppy Nissen fundoplication, and anterior gastropexy.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 10/1998; 187(3):231-7. DOI:10.1016/S1072-7515(98)00156-2 · 4.45 Impact Factor