The Role of Microperc in the Treatment of Symptomatic Lower Pole Renal Calculi.
ABSTRACT Abstract Background and Purpose: The treatment of symptomatic lower pole (LP) calculi poses a challenge because of lower clearance rates. We present our experience with microperc in the treatment of LP renal calculi. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the symptomatic patients with LP renal calculi who underwent microperc between August 2011 and June 2012 from two referral hospitals. Patients were included only in cases of failure after shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) or retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and according to patient preference. The percutaneous renal access was performed using the 4.8F "all-seeing needle" with C-arm fluoroscopy or ultrasonographic guidance with the patient in the prone position. Stone disintegration was established using a 200 μm holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser fiber. Results: A total of 21 patients (mean age 37.3±20.1 years) with LP stone underwent microperc. The mean body mass index was 28.6±6.0 kg/m(2), and the mean stone size was 17.8±5.9 (9-29) mm. The duration of surgery and fluoroscopic screening was 62.8±25.2 minutes and 150.5±92.8 seconds, respectively. The patients were discharged after a mean 37.5±14.4 hours of hospitalization time. The mean hemoglobin drop was 0.8±0.6 (0.1-2.3) g/dL. Conversion to miniperc was necessitated in one patient with loss of vision. Stone-free status was achieved in 18 (85.7%) patients. Clinically insignificant residual fragments were observed in only one (4.8%). The procedure failed in two (9.5%) patients. A total of two minor complications (renal colic necessitating stent insertion and urinary tract infection) were observed postoperatively, none severe. Conclusion: Microperc is a feasible and efficient treatment modality for symptomatic LP calculi. Our results provide that microperc might take a part in case of SWL and RIRS failures or as an alternative to percutaneous nephrolithotomy or RIRS in the management of symptomatic LP calculi.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (microperc) is a recently introduced percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) technique that is performed through a 4.8Fr all-seeing needle. We aimed to measure the intrarenal pelvic pressure (IPP) during microperc and compare it with the levels of conventional PNL. A total of 20 patients with 1- to 3-cm renal calculi resistant to shock wave lithotripsy were treated either with microperc (Group-1, n: 10) or conventional PNL (Group-2, n: 10) by the same surgical team. The IPP was measured during different stages (entrance into the collecting system, stone fragmentation, and before termination) of the procedures by an urodynamic machine using the 6Fr ureteral catheter. All the variables were statistically compared between the two groups. The demographic values of the patients were similar. The operation time and duration of hospitalization were significantly prolonged in conventional PNL group (p = 0.034, p = 0.01, respectively). The mean drop in hematocrit levels was significantly lower in microperc group (3.5 ± 1.5 vs. 1.8 ± 0.8; p = 0.004). The IPP was significantly higher in microperc group during all steps of the procedure. The highest level of the IPP was measured as 30.3 ± 3.9 and 20.1 ± 3.1 mmHg in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively (p < 0.0001). However, the complication and success rates were found comparable. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the level of IPP is significantly increased during microperc compared to conventional PNL. Microperc should be used cautiously in cases with impaired drainage of the collecting system.Urolithiasis. 02/2014;
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Micropercutaneous nephrolithotomy is an evolution from the conventional percutaneous surgery in which pyelocaliceal access is obtained through minimum bore holes. Its objective is the complete removal of the calculi, lowering the morbidity associated with larger bore percutaneous tracts. We present the case of a micropercutaneous nephrolithotomy performed in a 14-year-old female patient with a 35mm diameter kidney stone located in the renal pelvis. Surgery was performed in the Galdakao-modified supine Valdivia position. Puncture was done under ultrasound and fluoroscopic guidance. The 4.85Ch needle of the Microperc(®) set was used, completing the procedure through the 8Ch working shaft. Lasertripsy was done with the Ho:YAG laser. An indwelling double J stent was placed at the end of the procedure. Operating time was 170minutes. Hospital stay was one day. She suffered renal colic after 72hours, which was resolved with oral analgesic treatment at home (Clavien I). She returned to school on the fifth postoperative day. The double J was removed at 2 weeks. At one month of the surgery, the patient is asymptomatic, a 4mm lower calyx residual stone being observed in the abdominal ultrasound. Micropercutaneous nephrolithotomy is a step forward towards the search for a less invasive kidney stone treatment. It is a safe and effective technique in the pediatric population, and it can be performed in the supine position, even in orthotropic kidneys. Future studies and collaborative works will help to better define its indications, to optimize its technique and to analyze its cost-effectiveness compared with other treatment options.Actas urologicas españolas 03/2014; · 1.14 Impact Factor
- Urolithiasis. 03/2014;