The current management of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1550 Orleans Street, CRB II, Room 506, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.
Advances in Surgery 09/2012; 46:283-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.yasu.2012.04.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT PanNETs constitute a rare and heterogeneous group of pancreatic neoplasms whose overall prognosis is better than the more common pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Although surgery is the only treatment that provides a cure, many adjuvant therapies have been explored with some new, exciting, targeted therapies just approved for PanNETs. With growing interest in this type of neoplasm, an increasing number of clinical trials and natural history studies should shed light on the best management for these patients.

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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET) are rare, often indolent malignancies. PNET are classified as functional or nonfunctional based on the secretion of hormones without a negative feedback loop; the latter account for up to 60% of PNET. Although PNET are associated with a better prognosis compared to pancreatic adenocarcinomas, they are often diagnosed in advanced stages, making them a significant source of morbidity for patients. Here we present a rare case of venous tumor thrombus arising from a nonfunctional PNET. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 44-year-old woman was referred for evaluation and treatment of a possible tail of pancreas PNET discovered during work-up for a 9 year history of intermittent subcostal pain. Previous endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration revealed a 3.5 cm × 3 cm mass, with cytological diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumor. Patient was scheduled for laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. During surgery the mass was found to encase the splenic vein leading the surgeon to perform an en bloc distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy. Pathologic analysis revealed a 1.8 cm × 5 cm tumor thrombus lodged in the splenic vein. DISCUSSION Nonfunctional PNET usually present in advanced stages and can be associated with venous tumor thrombi. Preoperative imaging may not accurately predict the presence of venous tumor thrombi. CONCLUSION En bloc resection of primary tumor, involved organs and thrombus is the recommended treatment option and often results in long term survival. New multi-modality strategies are needed for detection of venous involvement in nonfunctional PNET to better assist with preoperative planning and counseling.
    11/2014; 5(12). DOI:10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.11.045