Individual Patient-Specific Immunity against High-Grade Glioma after Vaccination with Autologous Tumor Derived Peptides Bound to the 96 KD Chaperone Protein
Cancer immunotherapy offers hope of a highly specific nontoxic adjuvant treatment. Heat shock protein peptide complexes (HSPPCs) found in cancer cells carry tumor-specific antigenic proteins and can facilitate adaptive and innate immune responses. Here we show that peptides bound to a 96 kD chaperone protein (HSP-96) from brain tissue containing glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) can be used to safely immunize patients with recurrent GBM.
Multimodality immunomonitoring was completed on 12 patients with recurrent GBM before and after immunization with an autologous HSPPC vaccine derived from surgically resected tumor. Clinical endpoints included safety assessments and overall survival.
No adverse events attributable to the vaccine were found. Testing of peripheral blood leukocytes before and after vaccination revealed a significant peripheral immune response specific for the peptides bound to HSP-96, in 11 of the 12 patients treated. Brain biopsies of immune responders after vaccination revealed focal CD4, CD8, and CD56 IFNγ positive cell infiltrates, consistent with tumor site specific immune responses. Immune responders had a median survival of 47 weeks after surgery and vaccination, compared with 16 weeks for the single nonresponder.
These data provide the first evidence in humans of individual patient-specific immune responses against autologous tumor derived peptides bound to HSP-96.
Available from: Gordon Li
- "HSP-96 from GBM has been investigated by Crane et al.  for use as a cancer vaccine. Twelve patients with recurrent GBM were treated in this phase I study with intradermal injections of autologous tumor-derived HSP peptide complex (HSPPC), a complex consisting of HSP-96 and a broad array of tumor-associated antigenic peptides. "
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ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor, and despite aggressive therapy with surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, average survival remains at about 1.5 years. The highly infiltrative and invasive nature of GBM requires that alternative treatments for this disease be widespread and targeted to tumor cells. Immunotherapy in the form of tumor vaccines has the potential to meet this need. Vaccines against GBM hold the promise of triggering specific and systemic antitumor immune responses that may be the key to eradicating this unrelenting cancer. In this review, we will discuss past and present clinical trials of various GBM vaccines and their potential impact on the future care of GBM patients. There have been many promising phase I and phase II GBM vaccine studies that have led to ongoing and upcoming phase III trials. If the results of these randomized trials show a survival benefit, immunotherapy will become a standard part of the treatment of this devastating disease.
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Available from: Catherine Sautès-Fridman
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Available from: Lorenzo Galluzzi
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