(-)-(S)-Nakinadine B: first asymmetric synthesis.
ABSTRACT (-)-(S)-Nakinadine B has been synthesized for the first time (in 9 steps and 17% overall yield from commercially available atropic acid) using the conjugate addition of lithium dibenzyl-amide to an N-α-phenylacryloyl SuperQuat derivative with in situ diastereoselective enolate protonation as the key step.
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ABSTRACT: Conjugate addition of lithium dibenzylamide to (S)-N(3)-acryloyl-4-isopropyl-5,5-dimethyloxazolidin-2-one (derived from l-valine) and alkylation of the resultant lithium beta-amino enolate provides, after deprotection, a range of (S)-2-alkyl-3-aminopropanoic acids in good yield and high ee. Alternatively, via a complementary pathway, conjugate addition of a range of secondary lithium amides to (S)-N(3)-(2'-alkylacryloyl)-4-isopropyl-5,5-dimethyloxazolidin-2-ones, diastereoselective protonation with 2-pyridone, and subsequent deprotection furnishes a range of (R)-2-alkyl- and (R)-2-aryl-3-aminopropanoic acids in good yield and high ee. Additionally, the boron-mediated aldol reaction of beta-amino N-acyl oxazolidinones is a highly diastereoselective method for the synthesis of a range of beta-amino-beta'-hydroxy N-acyl oxazolidinones.Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 10/2007; 5(17):2812-25. · 3.57 Impact Factor