Characterization of a New Cold-adapted Lipase from Pseudomonas sp. TK-3.

Graduate School of Science and Engineering, University of Toyama, 3190 Gofuku, Toyama, 930-8555, Japan, .
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology (Impact Factor: 1.94). 06/2012; 168(2):327-38. DOI: 10.1007/s12010-012-9776-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A psychrotrophic Pseudomonas sp. TK-3 was isolated from dirty and cool stream water in Toyama, Japan from which we cloned and characterized the bacterial lipase LipTK-3. The sequenced DNA fragment contains an open reading frame of 1,428 bp that encoded a protein of 476 amino acids with an estimated molecular mass of 50,132 Da. The lipase showed high sequence similarity to those of subfamily Ι.3 lipase and had a conserved GXSXG motif around the catalytic Ser residue. Its optimal temperature was 20-25 °C, lower than in most other subfamily Ι.3 lipases. The lipase exhibited about 30 % of maximal activity at 5 °C. The optimal pH value was 8.0. The activity was strongly inhibited by EDTA and was highly dependent on Ca(2+). Tricaprylin and p-nitrophenyl caprylate were the most favorable substrates among the triglycerides and p-nitrophenyl esters, respectively. LipTK-3 also showed high activity towards natural substrates including edible vegetable oils and animal fats. Furthermore, LipTK-3 was very active and stable in the presence of several detergents, metal ions, and organic solvents. This cold-adapted lipase may prove useful for future applications.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An extracellular cold-adapted alkaline lipase from the psychrotrophic Yersinia enterocolitica strain KM1 was purified 26-fold to homogeneity. The enzyme was active over a broad range spanning 0-60 °C with an optimum activity at 37 °C, and it was found to be alkaline-preferring with an optimum activity at pH 9.0. The molecular weight was estimated to be 34.3 KDa and monomeric. The lipase could be activated by Ca(2+) and low concentration (10%) of ethanol, dimethyl sulphoxide, methanol, and acetonitrile, whereas it was strongly inhibited by Zn(2+) , Cu(2+) , SDS, EDTA, and PMSF. Using p-nitrophenyl butyrate as a substrate at 37 °C, the Km and Vmax of the enzyme were found to be 16.58 mM and 5.24 × 10(5) μM · min(-1) , respectively. This extracellular cold-adapted alkaline lipase may be a good candidate for detergents and biocatalysts at low temperature. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Journal of Basic Microbiology 02/2015; DOI:10.1002/jobm.201400730 · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lipases/acyltransferases catalyse acyltransfer to various nucleophiles preferentially to hydrolysis even in aqueous media with high thermodynamic activity of water (a w >0.9). Characterization of hydrolysis and acyltransfer activities in a large range of temperature (5 to 80 °C) of secreted recombinant homologous lipases of the Pseudozyma antarctica lipase A superfamily (CaLA) expressed in Pichia pastoris, enlighten the exceptional cold-activity of two remarkable lipases/acyltransferases: CpLIP2 from Candida parapsilosis and CtroL4 from Candida tropicalis. The activation energy of the reactions catalysed by CpLIP2 and CtroL4 was 18-23 kJ mol(-1) for hydrolysis and less than 15 kJ mol(-1) for transesterification between 5 and 35 °C, while it was respectively 43 and 47 kJ mol(-1) with the thermostable CaLA. A remarkable consequence is the high rate of the reactions catalysed by CpLIP2 and CtroL4 at very low temperatures, with CpLIP2 displaying at 5 °C 65 % of its alcoholysis activity and 45 % of its hydrolysis activity at 30 °C. These results suggest that, within the CaLA superfamily and its homologous subgroups, common structural determinants might allow both acyltransfer and cold-active properties. Such biocatalysts are of great interest for the efficient synthesis or functionalization of temperature-sensitive lipid derivatives, or more generally to lessen the environmental impact of biocatalytic processes.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 04/2014; 98(21). DOI:10.1007/s00253-014-5776-6 · 3.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An organic solvent-tolerant lipase of Pseudomonas sp. BCNU 154 that was isolated from wastewater in the industrial complex region had optimal activity at and pH 8. This crude extracellular lipase from BCNU 154 exhibited maximum stability in toluene, retaining about 6.01 U/ml (117.53%) activity for 2 h. , , , and ions and triton X-100 activated the enzymes, whereas , , and ions inhibited their activity. Pseudomonas sp. BCNU 154 lipase revealed stable activity comparable to that of the commercial immobilized Novozym 435. Thus, this organic solvent-tolerant lipase could have potential as a whole cell biocatalyst in industrial chemical processes without the use of immobilization.
    10/2013; 23(10). DOI:10.5352/JLS.2013.23.10.1246