Distinct genetic association at the PLCE1 locus with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma in the South African population.

Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, King's College London, King's Health Partners, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
Carcinogenesis (Impact Factor: 5.64). 08/2012; DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgs262
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a high prevalence in the Black and Mixed Ancestry populations of South Africa. Recently, three genome-wide association studies in Chinese populations identified five new OSCC susceptibility loci, including variants at PLCE1, C20orf54, PDE4D, RUNX1 and UNC5CL, but their contribution to disease risk in other populations is unknown. In this study, we report testing variants from these five loci for association with OSCC in the South African Black (407 cases and 849 controls) and Mixed Ancestry (257 cases and 860 controls) populations. The RUNX1 variant rs2014300, which reduced risk in the Chinese population, was associated with an increased risk of OSCC in the Mixed Ancestry population [odds ratio (OR) = 1.33, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09-1.63, P = 0.0055], and none of the five loci were associated in the Black population. Since PLCE1 variants increased the risk of OSCC in all three Chinese studies, this gene was investigated further by sequencing in 46 Black South Africans. This revealed 48 variants, 10 of which resulted in amino acid substitutions, and much lower linkage disequilibrium across the PLCE1 locus than in the Chinese population. We genotyped five PLCE1 variants in cases and controls, and found association of Arg548Leu (rs17417407) with a reduced risk of OSCC (OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.60-0.93, P = 0.008) in the Black population. These findings indicate several differences in the genetic contribution to OSCC between the South African and Chinese populations that may be related to differences in their genetic architecture.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phospholipase C epsilon 1 (PLCE1) plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis and progression of several types of cancers. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, rs2274223) in PLCE1 has been identified as a novel susceptibility locus. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of three potentially functional SNPs (rs2274223A > G, rs3765524C > T, and rs7922612C > T) of PLCE1 in gastric cancer patients from Kashmir Valley. The study was conducted in 108 GC cases and 195 healthy controls from Kashmir Valley. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Data were statistically analyzed using c2 test and logistic regression models. A P value of less than 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. The frequency of PLCE1 A2274223C3765524T7922612, G2274223C3765524T7922612 , and G2274223T3765524C7922612 haplotypes were higher in patients compared with controls, conferred high risk for GC [odds ratio (OR) =6.29; P = 0.001; Pcorr = 0.003], (OR = 3.23; P = 0.011; Pcorr = 0.033), and (OR = 5.14; P = 0.011; Pcorr = 0.033), respectively. Smoking and salted tea are independent risk factors for GC, but we did not find any significant modulation of cancer risk by PLCE1 variants with smoking or excessive consumption of salted tea. These results suggest that variation in PLCE1 may be associated with GC risk in Kashmir Valley.
    Saudi journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association. 11/2014; 20(6):371-7.
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified variants in phospholipase C epsilon1 (PLCE1) as novel susceptibility markers for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in Chinese population. Although few studies have replicated this findings in other populations, but results are contradictory. So, we aimed to replicate association of two previously reported non-synonymous polymorphisms (rs2274223A>G and rs3765524C>T) from haplotype block 10 and evaluated a novel variant (rs7922612C>T) from haplotype block 2 of PLCE1 with susceptibility and prognosis of ESCC in northern Indian population. The genotyping of PLCE1 variants were performed in 293 histopathologically confirmed incident ESCC cases (including 177 follow-up cases) and 314 age-, gender-, and ethnicity-matched controls using PCR RFLP. All statistical analyses were performed through SPSS version 15.0. Modeling and functional prediction of two non-synonymous variants were carried out using bioinformatics tools. PLCE1 polymorphisms were not associated with susceptibility to ESCC or its clinical phenotypes (tumor location/lymph node metastasis). No interaction with environmental risk factors was found. In silico analysis suggested negligible effect on structure of PLCE1 protein due to PLCE1 rs2274223 (H1927R) and rs3765524 (T1777I) polymorphisms. Survival analysis showed PLCE1 rs7922612CT + TT genotype conferred adverse outcome to ESCC patients. Our study for the first time suggests that GWAS originated PLCE1 variants do not have independent role in susceptibility of ESCC in northern Indian population; however, a novel haplo-tagging SNP rs7922612 may modify survival outcome of ESCC patients.
    Tumor Biology 01/2014; · 2.52 Impact Factor