Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (n-11026) on days of zero geomagnetic activity (GMA) and the following week: differences at months of maximal and minimal solar activity (SA) in solar cycles 23 and 24.
ABSTRACT Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of most common cardiovascular pathologies in the industrial world. In addition to known risk factors, environmental physical activity factors such as solar activity (SA), geomagnetic activity (GMA), and cosmic ray activity (CRA) could be also involved in the timing of AMI. The aim of this study was to study AMI admissions at days of zero GMA, accompanied by high CRA, and the following week in the higher and lowest parts of solar cycles 23 and 24.
Patients admitted for AMI (n=11,026, 59.5% men) in years 2000-2009 at the Department of Cardiology of Lithuanian University of Medical Sciences were studied for all periods and separately for the higher part of the 11-year solar activity in cycles 23 and 24 (2000-2007) and its lowest part (2008-2009). Admissions at day of zero GMA as well as 1, 2, 6, and 7 days after zero-GMA day were compared.
At high SA, zero-GMA days were rare and isolated (36 in years 2000-2007). They have been followed by significant increase in admissions on the following days. In the two lowest years of SA 2008-2009, there were 57 days of zero GMA, many of which were consecutive and in groups. For the whole solar cycle, there was a more gradual increase in AMI from 1 to 2 days after zero-GMA day, and there were significantly higher AMI admissions at 6 days after the first zero-GMA day (p=0.018).
Zero-GMA/high-neutron activity is followed by increase in AMI admissions at the days that follow. The effects are different at high and low parts of the 11-year solar cycle.
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ABSTRACT: Over the last few years, various researches have reached the conclusion that cosmic ray variations and geomagnetic disturbances are related to the condition of the human physiological state. In this study, medical data concerning the number of incidents of different types of cardiac arrhythmias for the time period 1983–1992, which refer to 1902 patients in Tbilisi, Georgia, were used. The smoothing method and the Pearson r-coefficients were used to examine the possible effect of different solar and geomagnetic activity parameters and cosmic ray intensity variations on the different types of arrhythmias. The time interval under examination was separated into two different time periods, which coincided with the polarity reversal of the solar magnetic field occurred in the years 1989–1990, and as a result, a different behavior of all the above-mentioned parameters as well as of the different types of arrhythmias was noticed during the two time intervals. In addition, changing of polarity sign of the solar magnetic field was found to affect the sign of correlation between the incidence of arrhythmias and the aforementioned parameters. The primary and secondary maxima observed in the solar parameters during the solar cycle 22, also appeared in several types of arrhythmias with a time lag of about 5 months.Natural Hazards 01/2014; 70(2). DOI:10.1007/s11069-013-0890-9 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Naturally occurring geomagnetic storms have been show to correlate with changes in organisms’ biological processes. Changes in the geomagnetic field during a geomagnetic storm are complex and contain both slow changes of the geomagnetic field with frequencies of up to 0.001 Hz, and various geomagnetic pulsations observed in general to be within the range of 0.001–5 Hz. Little is known about what frequency constituent of geomagnetic storms has the strongest effect on living organisms. This paper uses an experimental approach to demonstrate that organisms from different taxa principally respond to slow changes of the geomagnetic field corresponding with the main phase and the initial period of the recovery phase of a geomagnetic storm. Pc1 type pulsations, which are commonly regarded as biologically effective elements of geomagnetic disturbances, did not affect controlled parameters in our experiments. This paper may serve as a starting point for a thorough inquiry into the influence of slow fluctuations of the geomagnetic field on organisms.Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 04/2014; 110. DOI:10.1016/j.jastp.2014.01.020 · 1.75 Impact Factor