Structural Basis of Rev1-mediated Assembly of a Quaternary Vertebrate Translesion Polymerase Complex Consisting of Rev1, Heterodimeric Polymerase (Pol) ζ, and Pol κ.
ABSTRACT DNA synthesis across lesions during genomic replication requires concerted actions of specialized DNA polymerases in a potentially mutagenic process known as translesion synthesis. Current models suggest that translesion synthesis in mammalian cells is achieved in two sequential steps, with a Y-family DNA polymerase (κ, η, ι, or Rev1) inserting a nucleotide opposite the lesion and with the heterodimeric B-family polymerase ζ, consisting of the catalytic Rev3 subunit and the accessory Rev7 subunit, replacing the insertion polymerase to carry out primer extension past the lesion. Effective translesion synthesis in vertebrates requires the scaffolding function of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of Rev1 that interacts with the Rev1-interacting region of polymerases κ, η, and ι and with the Rev7 subunit of polymerase ζ. We report the purification and structure determination of a quaternary translesion polymerase complex consisting of the Rev1 CTD, the heterodimeric Pol ζ complex, and the Pol κ Rev1-interacting region. Yeast two-hybrid assays were employed to identify important interface residues of the translesion polymerase complex. The structural elucidation of such a quaternary translesion polymerase complex encompassing both insertion and extension polymerases bridged by the Rev1 CTD provides the first molecular explanation of the essential scaffolding function of Rev1 and highlights the Rev1 CTD as a promising target for developing novel cancer therapeutics to suppress translesion synthesis. Our studies support the notion that vertebrate insertion and extension polymerases could structurally cooperate within a megatranslesion polymerase complex (translesionsome) nucleated by Rev1 to achieve efficient lesion bypass without incurring an additional switching mechanism.
- SourceAvailable from: Kyoung-Seok RyuJournal of Molecular Cell Biology 12/2012; DOI:10.1093/jmcb/mjs061 · 8.43 Impact Factor
Article: Eukaryotic DNA polymerase ζ[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This review focuses on eukaryotic DNA polymerase ζ (Pol ζ), the enzyme responsible for the bulk of mutagenesis in eukaryotic cells in response to DNA damage. Pol ζ is also responsible for a large portion of mutagenesis during normal cell growth, in response to spontaneous damage or to certain DNA structures and other blocks that stall DNA replication forks. Novel insights in mutagenesis have been derived from recent advances in the elucidation of the subunit structure of Pol ζ. The lagging strand DNA polymerase δ shares the small Pol31 and Pol32 subunits with the Rev3-Rev7 core assembly giving a four subunit Pol ζ complex that is the active form in mutagenesis. Furthermore, Pol ζ forms essential interactions with the mutasome assembly factor Rev1 and with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). These interactions are modulated by posttranslational modifications such as ubiquitination and phosphorylation that enhance translesion synthesis (TLS) and mutagenesis. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.DNA Repair 02/2015; 29. DOI:10.1016/j.dnarep.2015.02.012 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) polymerase REV1 is implicated in the bypass of the irreparable DNA damage such as interstrand crosslinks (ICLs). However, the potential role of REV1 in DNA damage response (DDR) pathway has not been determined. In this research communication, we provide evidence to demonstrate that REV1 plays a previously unidentified but important role in the ATR-Chk1 checkpoint activation in response to mitomycin C (MMC)-induced ICLs in Xenopus egg extract. We further pinpointed that REV1 plays a downstream role of a checkpoint protein complex assembly including ATR, ATRIP, TopBP1 and the Rad9-Rad1-Hus1 complex to MMC-induced ICLs on chromatin in the DDR pathway. Notably, domain dissection analysis demonstrates that a C-terminal domain, but not the individual ubiquitin binding motifs, of REV1 is important for the binding of REV1 to MMC-damaged chromatin and the MMC-induced Chk1 phosphorylation. Yet, the ATR-Chk1 DDR pathway appears to be dispensable for the preferential association of REV1 to MMC-damaged chromatin. Taken together, REV1 is important for the DDR pathway in Xenopus egg extract. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.03.077 · 2.28 Impact Factor