Mycobacterium marinum: an increasingly common opportunistic infection in patients on infliximab.

Department of Internal Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 7.55). 08/2012; 107(8):1268-9. DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2012.118
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Aquatic habitats harbor a multitude of bacterial species. Many of these bacteria can act as pathogens to aquatic species and/or non-aquatic organisms, including humans, that come into contact with contaminated water sources or colonized aquatic organisms. In many instances, the bacteria are not pathogenic to the aquatic species they colonize and are only considered pathogens when they come into contact with humans. There is a general lack of knowledge about how the environmental lifestyle of these pathogens allows them to persist, replicate and produce the necessary pathogenic mechanisms to successfully transmit to the human host and cause disease. Recently, the zebrafish infectious disease model has emerged as an ideal system for examining aquatic pathogens, both in the aquatic environment and during infection of the human host. This review will focus on how the zebrafish has been used successfully to analyze the pathogenesis of aquatic bacterial pathogens.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 03/2014; · 3.29 Impact Factor