Shoulder sensorimotor control assessment by force platform: Feasibility and reliability

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France.
Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging (Impact Factor: 1.44). 09/2012; 32(5):409-13. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-097X.2012.01140.x
Source: PubMed


Given the important role of the shoulder sensorimotor system in shoulder stability, its assessment appears of interest. Force platform monitoring of centre of pressure (CoP) in upper-limb weight-bearing positions is of interest as it allows integration of all aspects of shoulder sensorimotor control. This study aimed to determine the feasibility and reliability of shoulder sensorimotor control assessment by force platform. Forty-five healthy subjects performed two sessions of CoP measurement using Win-Posturo(®) Medicapteurs force platform in an upper-limb weight-bearing position with the lower limbs resting on a table to either the anterior superior iliac spines (P1) or upper patellar poles (P2). Four different conditions were tested in each position in random order: eyes open or eyes closed with trunk supported by both hands and eyes open with trunk supported on the dominant or non-dominant side. P1 reliability values were globally moderate to high for CoP length, CoP velocity and CoP standard deviation (SD), standard error of measurement ranged from 6·0% to 26·5%, except for CoP area. P2 reliability values were globally low and not clinically acceptable. Our results suggest that shoulder sensorimotor control assessment by force platform is feasible and has good reliability in upper-limb weight-bearing positions when the lower limbs are resting on a table to the anterior superior iliac spines. CoP length, CoP velocity and CoP SD velocity appear to be the most reliable variables.

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Available from: Francis Degache, Oct 04, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Deficiencies in both afferent proprioceptive information and efferent motor responses have been independently reported in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder instability. We used a validated force platform method to analyze the association between the stabilometric parameters of the upper limb as representative of the shoulder's sensorimotor control and clinical glenohumeral joint instability. We enrolled 32 patients with unilateral recurrent anterior post-traumatic shoulder dislocation, on the dominant side in 13 patients (DIG) and the non-dominant side in 19 patients (NDIG) and 16 healthy nonathletic subjects (CG). Displacements of the Center of Pressure were measured by a Win-Posturo® Medicapteurs force platform in the upper limb weight-bearing position with the lower limbs resting on a table up to the anterior superior iliac spines. The association between stabilometric values and clinical shoulder instability was analyzed by side-to-side comparisons and comparisons to a control group. For CG and NDIG, there were no side-to-side differences. For DIG, stabilometric values were significantly higher on the dominant pathological shoulder side than on the healthy contralateral non-dominant side (P < .01). The percentage of side-to-side differences was higher in DIG than CG (P < .01). Sensorimotor control deficiency was associated with recurrent anterior shoulder instability, especially in patients with the pathological shoulder on their dominant side. Using a force platform to assess sensorimotor control of the shoulder is feasible in patients with shoulder instability, and can allow assessment of the global sensorimotor control deficiency present in unstable shoulders.
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