Article

Analysis of the epigenetic status of telomeres by using ChIP-seq data

Instituto de Bioquímica Vegetal y Fotosíntesis, CSIC-Universidad de Sevilla, IBVF (CSIC-USE), c/ Américo Vespucio n° 49, 41092 Seville, Spain and Department of Plant Biology and Pathology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
Nucleic Acids Research (Impact Factor: 9.11). 08/2012; 40(21). DOI: 10.1093/nar/gks730
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The chromatin structure of eukaryotic telomeres plays an essential role in telomere functions. However, their study might be impaired by the presence of interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs), which have a widespread distribution in different model systems. We have developed a simple approach to study the chromatin structure of Arabidopsis telomeres independently of ITSs by analyzing ChIP-seq data. This approach could be used to study the chromatin structure of telomeres in some other eukaryotes. The analysis of ChIP-seq experiments revealed that Arabidopsis telomeres have higher density of histone H3 than centromeres, which might reflects their short nucleosomal organization. These experiments also revealed that Arabidopsis telomeres have lower levels of heterochromatic marks than centromeres (H3K9(Me2) and H3K27(Me)), higher levels of some euchromatic marks (H3K4(Me2) and H3K9Ac) and similar or lower levels of other euchromatic marks (H3K4(Me3), H3K36(Me2), H3K36(Me3) and H3K18Ac). Interestingly, the ChIP-seq experiments also revealed that Arabidopsis telomeres exhibit high levels of H3K27(Me3), a repressive mark that associates with many euchromatic genes. The epigenetic profile of Arabidopsis telomeres is closely related to the previously defined chromatin state 2. This chromatin state is found in 23% of Arabidopsis genes, many of which are repressed or lowly expressed. At least, in part, this scenario is similar in rice.

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