Tilted Implants in the Immediate Loading Rehabilitation of the Maxilla: A Systematic Review

University of Genoa, L. Rosanna Benzi 10, Genova, 16132, Italy.
Journal of dental research (Impact Factor: 4.14). 07/2012; 91(9):821-7. DOI: 10.1177/0022034512455802
Source: PubMed


Tilted implants have been proposed as an alternative to traditional protocols in the rehabilitation of edentulous maxillae. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the outcomes of upright and tilted implants supporting full-arch fixed dentures for the immediate rehabilitation of edentulous maxillae, after at least 1 year of function. An electronic search of databases and a hand search of relevant journals in oral implantology were performed according to PRISMA guidelines through August, 2011. The literature search yielded 1,069 articles. Eleven articles were available for analysis. A total of 1,623 implants (778 tilted, 845 upright) were inserted into the maxillae of 324 patients. Seventeen tilted (2.19%) and 16 upright implants (1.89%) failed during the first year. No significant difference in failure rate was found between tilted and upright implants (p value = 0.52). Marginal bone level results were obtained from 6 studies. A non-significant mean difference between tilted and upright implants was found with regard to bone loss. Tilted implants demonstrated a favorable short-term prognosis in full-arch immediate loading rehabilitations of the maxillae. Randomized long-term trials are needed to better elucidate long-term success of tilted vs. upright-positioned implants.

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Available from: Alessio Signori, Sep 30, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This retrospective study deals with the issue of how to realize the transition from a failing dentition to an implant-supported prosthesis. The main aim was to assess the reliability of immediate implant and immediate loading (IL) protocols in the edentulous jaws. A further aim was to investigate the role of patient-related, implant-related, and surgery-related secondary variables in the occurrence of implant failure. Materials and methods: Patients with at least a 4-year post-loading follow-up undergoing the transition from a failing dentition to an implant-supported prosthesis were retrospectively investigated. Primary variables of implant failure were immediate placement and IL. Secondary variables were categorized as demographic, anatomic, site, and prosthetically related. Cumulative survival rates (CSRs) were compared using the Kaplan-Meier survival estimate method. Predictors of failure were included in a multivariate Cox regression model to evaluate the simultaneous effects of multiple covariates and control for correlated observation. Crestal bone loss was also measured at the delayed and the immediately loaded implants. Results: Five hundred nineteen implants rehabilitating 91 jaws in 80 patients were followed. The Kaplan-Meier survival estimate method showed that immediate implant and IL decreased the CSR significantly in the maxilla but not in the mandible. Some secondary variables were found to affect the CSR: maxillary location, age over 70 years, prostheses supported by only immediate implants or a majority of them, temporary cementation, implant diameter, and length. Crestal bone loss was not significantly related to the outcomes. Conclusions: The present data may provide clinical recommendations to the practitioner treating the transitional patient. In the mandible, the use of immediate implants and IL does not increase the failure rate. In the maxilla however, combining immediate placement and IL may significantly increase the failure rate.
    Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research 03/2013; 16(6). DOI:10.1111/cid.12055 · 3.59 Impact Factor
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