Article

Strong magnetic instability in correlated metallic Bi2Ir2O7.

Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Advanced Materials, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter (Impact Factor: 2.22). 07/2012; 24(34):345601. DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/24/34/345601
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report an experimental/theoretical study of single-crystal Bi(2)Ir(2)O(7) that possesses a metallic state with strongly exchange-enhanced paramagnetism. The ground state of Bi(2)Ir(2)O(7) is characterized by the following features: (1) a divergent low-temperature magnetic susceptibility that indicates no long-range order down to 50 mK; (2) strongly field-dependent coefficients of the low-temperature T and T(3) terms of the specific heat; (3) a conspicuously large Wilson ratio R(W) ≈ 53.5; and (4) unusual temperature and field dependences of the Hall resistivity that abruptly change below 80 K, without any clear correlation with the magnetic behavior. All these unconventional properties suggest the existence of an exotic ground state in Bi(2)Ir(2)O(7).

0 Followers
 · 
153 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pyrochlore iridates have recently attracted growing interest in condensed matter physics because of their potential for realizing new topological states. In order to achieve such quantum states, it is essential to understand themagnetic properties of these compounds, as their electronic structures are strongly coupled with theirmagnetic ground states. In this work, we report a systematic study of the magnetic properties of pyrochlore Y2Ir2O7 and its hole-doped compounds by performing magnetic, electron spin resonance, electrical transport, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. We demonstrate the existence of weak ferromagnetism on top of a large antiferromagnetic background in the undoped compound. Hole doping by calcium was found to enhance both the ferromagnetism and the electrical conductivity. The XPS characterization shows the coexistence of Ir4+ and Ir5+ in the undoped compound, and the amount of Ir5+ increases with Ca doping, which highlights the possible origins of the weak ferromagnetism associated with the formation of Ir5+.We also observe a vertical shift in the M-H curves after field cooling, which may arise from a strong coupling between the ferromagnetic phase and the antiferromagnetic background.
    Physical Review B 01/2015; 90(5). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.054419 · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Motivated by recent experiments, we consider a generic spin model in the $j_{\text{eff}}=1/2$ basis for the hyperhoneycomb and harmonic-honeycomb iridates. Based on microscopic considerations, the effect of an additional bond-dependent anisotropic spin exchange interaction ($\Gamma$) beyond the Heisenberg-Kitaev model is investigated. We obtain the magnetic phase diagrams of the hyperhoneycomb and harmonic-honeycomb ($\mathcal{H}\text{--}1$) lattices via a combination of the Luttinger-Tisza approximation, single-$\mathbf{Q}$ variational ansatz, and classical Monte Carlo simulated annealing. The resulting phase diagrams on both systems show the existence of incommensurate, non-coplanar spiral magnetic orders as well as other commensurate magnetic orders. The spiral orders show counter-propagating spiral patterns, which may be favorably compared to recent experimental results on both iridates. The parameter regime of various magnetic orders and ordering wavevectors are quite similar in both systems. We discuss the implications of our work to recent experiments and also compare our results to those of the two dimensional honeycomb iridate systems.
    Physical Review B 07/2014; 91(6). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.064407 · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study the general phase diagram of correlated electrons for iridium-based (Ir) compounds on the hyperhoneycomb lattice---a crystal structure where the Ir$^{4+}$ ions form a three-dimensional network with three-fold coordination recently realized in the $\beta$-Li${}_{2}$IrO${}_{3}$ compound. Using a combination of microscopic derivations, symmetry analysis, and density functional calculations, we determine the general model for the electrons occupying the $j_{\text{eff}}=1/2$ orbitals at the Ir$^{4+}$ sites. In the non-interacting limit, we find that this model allows for both topological and trivial electronic band insulators along with metallic states. The effect of Hubbard-type electron-electron repulsion on the above electronic structure in stabilizing $\mathbf{q}=\mathbf{0}$ magnetic order reveals a phase diagram with continuous phase transition between a topological band insulator and a Neel ordered magnetic insulator.
    Physical Review B 02/2014; 89(20). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.205132 · 3.66 Impact Factor