Diffuse Malignant Mesothelioma

Department of Pathology and Genomic Medicine, The Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine (Impact Factor: 2.88). 08/2012; 136(8):882-8. DOI: 10.5858/arpa.2012-0142-CR
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Diffuse malignant mesothelioma (DMM) is an uncommon cancer with great clinical significance because it currently remains an incurable disease, and most patients die within months after diagnosis. Although DMM incidence is leveling off or decreasing in developed countries because of the strict control of asbestos use, it is increasing in countries without adequate asbestos control. In some settings, benign, reactive mesothelial hyperplasias and organizing pleuritis can be difficult to differentiate from DMM and vice versa, and the variety of DMM's histopathologic features generates an extensive list of differential diagnoses with other malignancies, particularly, metastatic malignancies, which are more frequent in the pleura than are primary malignancies. These two issues are the topic of discussion in this review, along with a brief presentation of a case of DMM that presented in a 66-year-old man with recurrent, right pleural effusions, and in whom, diagnosis of DMM had not been suspected clinically, radiographically, surgically, grossly, or initially, on frozen section. It was not until focal invasion into the skeletal muscle was discovered on permanent sections that a diagnosis of DMM could be established.

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    ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has a very poor prognosis. Although clinical stage is currently the only reliable prognostic factor, histologic subtyping reportedly also affects prognosis. Some studies propose reclassification of pleomorphic epithelioid as biphasic or sarcomatoid MPM. This study assessed prognostic significance and interobserver agreement in MPM subtyping of small biopsy specimens. We analyzed biopsy specimens, and clinical and survival data from records of 108 patients who were diagnosed between 2000 and 2010 at the Institute of Pathology University of Zagreb School of Medicine, of whom 98 had epithelioid MPM, six biphasic MPM, and four sarcomatoid MPM. Among epithelioid subtypes, 44 (44.9 %) were solid, 19 (19.4 %) tubulopapillary, 18 (18.4 %) acinar, six (6.1 %) adenomatoid, five (5.1 %) pleomorphic, four (4.1 %) trabecular, and two (2.0 %) micropapillary subtype. Interobserver reliability for histological diagnosis was found to be κ = 0.72 (P < 0.001). Median overall survival for epithelioid MPM was 10.5 months with an interquartile range (IQR) of 5.8-28.0 months but significantly shorter for the pleomorphic subtype (3 [IQR 3.0-8.0] months; P = 0.034), but not significantly different from biphasic (6.5 [IQR 3.5-15.3] months) and sarcomatoid mesothelioma (4.0 [IQR 1.3-6.8] months; P = 0.270). We found strong reproducibility of MPM subtyping with good interobserver agreement. Furthermore, our results indicate that pleomorphic subtype to be a predictor of poor prognosis and support classifying it with sarcomatoid or biphasic MPM, as patients with the pleomorphic, biphasic, or sarcomatoid subtype show similarly poor overall survival.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00428-014-1664-9 · 2.56 Impact Factor


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May 31, 2014