A quantitative ultrastructural study of circulating (monocytic) cells interacting with endothelial cells in high oxygen-injured and spontaneously re-forming (FVB) mouse lung capillaries.
ABSTRACT The present study demonstrates the fine structure of blood-borne (monocytic) circulating cells (CCs), and their interaction with endothelial cells, in a mouse model of lung capillary injury and repair. Quantitative analysis highlights the diversity of CC profiles entering the lung, where they form contact and adhesion/fusion sites to endothelial plasmalemmal membranes, and to complexes of endothelial/basement membrane remnants, as capillary networks reorganize over time. Temporal patterns of CC influx and efflux in the lung, changing CC phenotypes, and the range of CC interactions with endothelium, underscore the potential for a complex angiogenic/immunogenic response, as capillary networks stabilize and undergo expansion and growth.
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ABSTRACT: Smooth muscle cells are relatively rare cells in the microvessels of the normal adult lung but develop in high numbers in the clinical pulmonary hypertensions (PHs). Understanding this cellular response has profound implications for determining the pathogenesis of PH, and for the development of therapeutic strategies, yet little is known of the angiogenic molecules responsible. The authors have previously shown that interstitial fibroblasts, and intermediate cells, are the progenitors of smooth muscle cells developing in adult lung microvessels in an in vivo model of experimental PH. The present study evaluates PDGF-Rbeta/PDGF-BB, an important angiogenic signaling pathway, using antibodies linked to protein A-gold (pA-AU) and quantitative high-resolution imaging techniques to detect expression by these cells. Each progenitor cell type in the control lung expressed PDGF-Rbeta and PDGF-BB. In the hypertensive lung, PDGF-Rbeta was highly expressed by fibroblasts developing as perivascular cells, the mean number of pA-AU labeled antigenic sites per cell profile, and their density (microm(-2)), increasing with time: in intermediate cells the mean number of sites per cell profile, although not their density (microm(-2)), also increased with time but less so than in the fibroblasts. In clear contrast to the RTK, constitutive expression levels of PDGF-BB were low in each progenitor cell type and remained restricted in the hypertensive lung.Ultrastructural Pathology 01/2006; 30(4):267-81. · 0.98 Impact Factor
- Circulation Research 04/2004; 94(5):573-4. · 11.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study further analyzes the growth and reorganization of the vessels adjacent to capillaries in the hyperoxia-adapted lung in response to a lower ambient oxygen tension. The aim of the study was to determine the source of the new smooth muscle cells known to develop in these segments on return to breathing air. To accomplish this we determined the reorganization of vessel walls by quantitative light-microscopy techniques, and vascular cell phenotype(s) by high-resolution microscopy, in the lungs of rats that breathed a high oxygen tension (87% O2 for 4 weeks), followed by weaning to a lower oxygen tension (87-20% O2 over 1 week) and return to breathing air (for 1, 2 or 4 weeks). Return to breathing air initially triggered wall growth in a subset of vessels and wall thinning in others before wall thinning predominated throughout the vessel population. Interstitial fibroblasts were identified as the source of new perivascular cells. The recruitment of these cells was accompanied by loss of elastic laminae from vessel walls. Subsequently, most perivascular cells expressed a smooth muscle phenotype and elastic laminae were restored. Arteriography demonstrated an increase in the number of patent vessels on return to air, and light- and high-resolution microscopy restitution of the capillary network. We propose that in the hyperoxia-adapted lung return to breathing air represents a relative hypoxia that triggers differential patterns of vessel and capillary growth to meet new functional demands set by the lower ambient oxygen tension.Cell and Tissue Research 06/2000; 300(2):263-84. · 3.68 Impact Factor