SOX17 methylation inhibits its antagonism of Wnt signaling pathway in lung cancer.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to explore epigenetic changes and functions of SOX17 in human lung cancer. Five lung cancer cell lines and 88 primary lung cancer samples were examined in this study. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP), semi-quantitative reverse-transcription PCR, immunohistochemistry, luciferase reporter assays, colony-formation assays, and western blotting were used to analyze methylation changes and functions of SOX17 in lung cancer. SOX17 methylation was found in 60.2% of primary human lung cancer samples, and promoter region methylation of SOX17 silenced its expression. SOX17 methylation was associated with female patients and lung cancer differentiation. Colony-formation assays revealed that SOX17 suppressed lung cancer cell proliferation. Re-expression of SOX17 inhibited Wnt signaling in H23 lung cancer cell line. SOX17 acts as a Wnt signaling inhibitor.
SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aberrant activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway is an important factor in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Previous studies have demonstrated that the developmental gene sex-determining region Y (SRY)-box 1 (SOX1) inhibits cervical and liver tumorigenesis by interfering with the Wnt/-catenin signaling pathway. However, the role of SOX1 in NPC remains unclear. This study investigates the function of SOX1 in NPC pathogenesis. A quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction revealed that SOX1 was down-regulated and its promoter was hypermethylated in NPC cell lines and tissues. Ectopic expression of SOX1 in NPC cells suppressed colony formation, proliferation and migration in vitro and impaired tumor growth in nude mice. Restoration of SOX1 expression significantly reduced epithelial-mesenchymal transition, enhanced cell differentiation and induced cellular senescence. Conversely, transient knockdown of SOX1 by siRNA in these cells partially restored cell proliferation and colony formation. Notably, SOX1 was found to physically interact with beta-catenin and reduce its expression independent of proteasomal activity, leading to inhibition of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling and decreased expression of downstream target genes. SOX1 decreases the expression of beta-catenin in a proteasome-independent manner and reverses the malignant phenotype in NPC cells.Molecular Cancer 11/2014; 13(1):257. DOI:10.1186/1476-4598-13-257 · 5.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Sox17, an antagonist of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling, inhibits several malignant carcinogenesis and progression. However, little is known about Sox17 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we found that Sox17 is downregulated in HCC tissue. Furthermore, Sox17 inhibits cell proliferation and migration in HCC. KIF14, a member of kinesin superfamily protein (KIFs), is an oncogene in a variety of malignant tumors including HCC. We demonstrated that Sox17 is negatively related to KIF14 expression in HCC tissue and Sox17 inhibits HCC cell proliferation and migration by transcriptional downregulation of KIF14 expression. Our results may provide a strategy for blocking HCC carcinogenesis and progression.Tumor Biology 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2398-7 · 2.84 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: SOX genes are transcription factors with important roles in embryonic development and carcinogenesis. The SOX family of 20 genes is responsible for regulating lineage and tissue specific gene expression patterns, controlling numerous developmental processes including cell differentiation, sex determination, and organogenesis. As is the case with many genes involved in regulating development, SOX genes are frequently deregulated in cancer. In this perspective we provide a brief overview of how SOX proteins can promote or suppress cancer growth. We also present a pan-cancer analysis of aberrant SOX gene expression and highlight potential molecular mechanisms responsible for their disruption in cancer. Our analyses indicate the prominence of SOX deregulation in different cancer types and reveal potential roles for SOX genes not previously described in cancer. Finally, we summarize our recent identification of SOX15 as a candidate tumor suppressor in pancreatic cancer and propose several research avenues to pursue to further delineate the emerging role of SOX15 in development and carcinogenesis.