CIP2A is a human oncoprotein that inhibits PP2A and stabilizes c-myc in human malignancies. Autoantibodies to CIP2A protein have been reported to be present in higher levels in sera from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) than in sera of healthy individuals. The CIP2A gene has been demonstrated as a potential cancer susceptibility gene. To elucidate whether common CIP2A variants are associated with HCC susceptibility, we conducted a case-control study comprising 233 cases of HCC and 280 controls matched on age, gender and ethnicity in the Chinese Han population. Two haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) (rs2278911 and rs4855656) from the HapMap database were analyzed, which provide an almost complete coverage of the genetic variations in the CIP2A gene. We found that neither of these htSNPs and haplotypes were associated with the risk of HCC. However, an interaction was observed between hepatitis virus B and C infection (HBV and HCV) and the C carriers (TC or CC) of rs2278911 on HCC risk (OR=12.35; 95% CI, 4.93-19.87). No such association was found for rs4855656. Our study also demonstrated that two htSNPs (rs2278911 and rs4855656) in the CIP2A gene are not associated with the risk of HCC. HBV and HCV infection was found to exert a synergistic effect on the risk of HCC in individuals with the C carriers (TC or CC) of rs2278911 in the Chinese Han population.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oncoprotein CIP2A a Cancerous Inhibitor of PP2A forms an "oncogenic nexus" by virtue of its control on PP2A and MYC stabilization in cancer cells. The expression and prognostic function of CIP2A in different solid tumors including colorectal carcinoma, head and neck cancers, gastric cancers, lung carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, esophageal cancers, pancreatic carcinoma, brain cancers, breast carcinoma, bladder cancers, ovarian carcinoma, renal cell carcinomas, tongue cancers, cervical carcinoma, prostate cancers, and oral carcinoma as well as a number of hematological malignancies are just beginning to emerge. Herein, we reviewed the recent progress in our understanding of (1) how an "oncogenic nexus" of CIP2A participates in the tumorigenic transformation of cells and (2) how we can prospect/view the clinical relevance of CIP2A in the context of cancer therapy. The review will try to understand the role of CIP2A (a) as a biomarker in cancers and evaluate the prognostic value of CIP2A in different cancers (b) as a therapeutic target in cancers and (c) in drug response and developing chemo-resistance in cancers.
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