Fetal myelomeningocele repair: a new standard of care.
ABSTRACT Myelomeningocele, also known as spina bifida, is one of the most common congenital anomalies of the central nervous system and the most common open, prenatally repaired birth defect. The Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS), which compared the results of prenatal and postnatal myelomeningocele repair, found prenatal surgery to be much more effective than postnatal surgery. During surgery, the surgeon makes a hysterotomy and repairs the fetal myelomeningocele without removing the fetus from the uterus. After the repair is completed, the surgeon closes the uterus. The obstetric team monitors the mother closely with a goal of performing a cesarean delivery at 37 weeks' gestation. The fetal surgery nursing team used innovative simulation teaching methods to establish and maintain fetal surgery team member competence, resulting in a successful program with good outcomes.
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ABSTRACT: I was honored to be awarded the Casey Holter Essay Prize in 2013 by the Society for Research into Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida. The purpose of the prize is to encourage original thinking in a way to improve the care of individuals with spina bifida and hydrocephalus. Having kept this purpose in mind, I have chosen the title: Neural stem cells, are they the hope of a better life for patients with fetal-onset hydrocephalus? The aim is to review and discuss some of the most recent and relevant findings regarding mechanisms leading to both hydrocephalus and abnormal neuro/gliogenesis. By looking at these outcome studies, it is hoped that we will recognize the potential use of neural stem cells in the treatment of hydrocephalus, and so prevent the disease or diminish/repair the associated brain damage.Fluids and barriers of the CNS. 03/2014; 11(1):7.