Morbidity and mortality in ageing HIV-infected haemophilia patients.

Van Creveldkliniek, Department of Haematology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Haemophilia (Impact Factor: 2.47). 01/2013; 19(1):141-149. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2012.02912.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Over 25 years of follow-up is now available for HIV-infected haemophilia patients. The aim of this study was to retrospectively asses the morbidity and mortality of HIV infection and the effects of HAART in these patients. Data on HIV infection, its treatment and all types of comorbidity were collected from medical records of all 60 HIV-positive haemophilia patients who were treated at the Van Creveldkliniek since 1980 and compared with data from 152 HIV-negative patients with severe haemophilia and the general age-matched male population. AIDS developed in 27 patients (45%), while 31 patients died (52%). Death was solely or partially AIDS-related in 71%. Development of AIDS and AIDS-related deaths declined strongly after the introduction of HAART. Only one major ischaemic cardiovascular event occurred in our study population. Of the 27 patients who were still treated at our clinic in 2010, 25 (93%) were on HAART. They had more often hypertension and diabetes, but less often overweight and obesity and lower cholesterol levels than the general population. The occurrence of spontaneous intracranial bleeding was higher in HIV-positive haemophilia patients on HAART than in HIV-negative patients with severe haemophilia (16.6 vs. 1.2 per 1000 patient years). Since the introduction of HAART, the impact of HIV infection on morbidity and survival has decreased. The increased prevalences of hypertension and diabetes, however, warrant regular screening. HIV-positive haemophilia patients on HAART appear to have an increased risk of spontaneous intracranial bleeding.

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Jun 3, 2014