How good is perceived health-related quality of life in patients treated for non-functioning pituitary adenomas?
Endocrinology/Medicine Departments, Hospital Sant Pau, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBER-ER, Unidad 747), IIB-Sant Pau, ISCIII and Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona.Clinical Endocrinology (Impact Factor: 3.46). 07/2012; 78(1). DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2265.2012.04513.x
Over the last 2 decades the "package of care" and outcome of patients with non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFA) have improved, especially in tertiary referral centres, in parallel to neurosurgical skills, availability of high resolution imaging techniques and experience in substituting accompanying hypopituitarism. More recently, interest in patient-related outcomes has led to the evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in pituitary disease, since it provides information on patient perception of well-being, which is complementary and not always concordant with endocrine, imaging or other clinical indicators physicians tend to use. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The incidence of clinically significant, nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma, requiring surgical treatment, has not been established. According to previous studies, both surgery type and subsequent radiotherapy may have an impact on quality of life (QOL), and some studies have shown increased cardiovascular mortality in patients with pituitary disease. We studied all patients with functionless, suprasellar pituitary adenoma who were operated on during the period 1985-1996 (N = 192; transsphenoidal surgery = 160, craniotomy = 32). QOL was evaluated from Short Form 36 and Major Depression Inventory questionnaires. Causes of death were obtained from the Danish Register of Causes of Death. Incidence was 5.6/mill/year. Postoperatively, 27% of the patients had normal pituitary function and 27% were panhypopituitary. Fifty three patients had died. Death from cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and malignant diseases was not increased. Overall, QOL was not different from QOL of an age- and sex matched background population. QOL was, however, impaired in patients who had undergone craniotomy as compared to patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery. QOL was not reduced in hypopituitary patients or in patients receiving radiotherapy.Pituitary 02/2007; 10(1):67-73. DOI:10.1007/s11102-007-0018-x · 3.20 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The availability of recombinant human GH and somatostatin analogs has resulted in widespread treatment for adults with GH deficiency (GHD) and those with GH excess (acromegaly). Despite being at opposite ends of the spectrum in terms of their GH/IGF-I axis, both of these populations experience overlapping somatic impairments. Adults with untreated GHD have low circulating levels of IGF-I that manifest as altered body composition with increased fat and reduced lean body and skeletal muscle mass. At the other end of the spectrum, adults with GH excess, who have elevated levels of IGF-I, also have altered body composition. Impairments that result from disorders of either GHD or GH excess are both associated with increased functional limitations, such as reduced ability to walk quickly for prolonged periods, and poorer health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). Adults with untreated GHD and GH excess both commonly complain of excessive fatigue that seems to be associated more with impaired aerobic than muscular performance. Several studies have documented that administration of GH or somatostatin analogs to adults with GHD or GH excess, respectively, ameliorates abnormal biochemical profile and the associated somatic impairments. However, whether these improvements translate into improved physical function in adults with GHD or GH excess remains largely unknown, and their impact on HR-QoL controversial. Review of placebo-controlled trials to date suggests that GH and somatostatin analogs have greater effects on gas exchange and aerobic performance than as anabolic agents on skeletal muscle mass and function. Future investigations should include dose-response studies to establish the optimal combination of pharmacological agents plus exercise required to improve not only biochemical markers but also physical function and HR-QoL in adults with GHD or GH excess.Endocrine Reviews 06/2006; 27(3):287-317. DOI:10.1210/er.2004-0022 · 21.06 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Although a reduced quality of life (QoL) has been reported after long-term cure of functioning pituitary adenomas, the effect of successful treatment of nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma (NFMA) on QoL has not been fully addressed. Therefore, we evaluated a broad spectrum of QoL parameters in patients successfully treated for NFMA in our center. We conducted a case-control study. We assessed QoL in 99 adult patients (mean age, 61.9 yr; range, 24-86 yr) in remission during long-term follow-up after surgical (n = 99) and additional radiotherapeutic (n = 37) treatment for NFMA by four validated health-related questionnaires (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Multidimensional Fatigue Index, Nottingham Health Profile, and Short Form-36). Patient outcomes were compared with 125 controls and with age-adjusted reference values derived from the literature. NFMA patients reported significantly impaired QoL in all questionnaires compared with the 125 controls and the age-adjusted reference values. All subscales of fatigue, assessed using the Multidimensional Fatigue Index (general fatigue, physical fatigue, reduction in activity, reduction in motivation, and mental fatigue) were impaired. The scores in the Nottingham Health Profile pointed toward reduced energy and affected emotional reaction. In several subscales of the Short Form-36 (social functioning, role limitations due to physical problems, role limitations due to emotional problems, and general health perception), NFMA patients reported a reduced QoL. QoL is considerably reduced in patients after successful treatment of NFMA.Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 10/2006; 91(9):3364-9. DOI:10.1210/jc.2006-0003 · 6.21 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.