Kidney Transplantation With and Without Simultaneous Bilateral Native Nephrectomy in Patients With Polycystic Kidney Disease

Clinic for Specialized Medicine and Surgery, Department of Transplant Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.83). 07/2012; 94(4):383-8. DOI: 10.1097/TP.0b013e31825812b9
Source: PubMed


Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) often need to undergo native nephrectomy and are candidates for kidney transplantation. The necessity and timing of nephrectomy are controversial. Some authors recommend simultaneous bilateral native nephrectomy (SBN) as the preferred option in living-donor kidney transplantation (LDKT). These recommendations are based on small study populations. We therefore set out to study outcomes of LDKT with SBN, compared with LDKT alone in a larger single-center cohort.
A consecutive series of 159 patients with ADPKD undergoing LDKT were included in the study. Of the 159 patients, 2 were excluded because of missing data, 79 underwent LDKT alone (group A), and 78 underwent LDKT with SBN (group B). Demographic data and intraoperative and postoperative data were collected from patient charts and the national kidney registry.
There were no differences regarding background data. Group B experienced significantly longer operating times (183.7 vs. 319.3 min, P<0.001), a greater need for blood transfusions (0.1 vs. 1.6 units, P<0.001) and plasma products (35.1 vs. 438.3 mL, P<0.001), and longer hospital stays (11.8 vs. 15.4 days, P<0.001). It also experienced more intraoperative events and postoperative complications but fewer reoperations/reinterventions. There were no differences in patient and graft survival rates.
SBN in patients undergoing LDKT for ADPKD does not have a significant negative impact on patient and graft survival rates. It obviates a separate surgical procedure but requires longer hospital stay. It may be associated with more postoperative complications and risk of graft loss. These considerations should be communicated to the recipient and the donor.

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