The effect of shear rate on the molecular weight determination of acrylamide polymers from intrinsic viscosity measurements

Chemical Engineering Department, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Journal of Applied Polymer Science (Impact Factor: 1.4). 03/2003; 23(11):3323 - 3339. DOI: 10.1002/app.1979.070231118

ABSTRACT The rheological response of dilute solutions of high molecular weight polyacrylamides at low shear rates has been measured using a capillary viscometer that provided for a fivefold variation in shear rate at each concentration. The non-Newtonian effects were found to be significant for polyacrylamides with number-average molecular weights exceeding 106. The molecular weight average–intrinsic viscosity relationship most widely used in the literature, [η] = 6.80 × 10−4M, was found to be valid when [η] was measured at high shear rates where the polymer solutions approached Newtonian behavior. A new relationship was developed relating Mn to the intrinsic viscosity extrapolated to zero shear rate.

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