Usefulness of Tissue Doppler Imaging‐Myocardial Performance Index in the Evaluation of Diastolic Dysfunction and Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction
ABSTRACT Background:In heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), physiological abnormalities are not solely restricted to diastolic function. Because the tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-derived myocardial performance index (MPI) offers the advantage of recording systolic and diastolic tissue velocity simultaneously in the same cardiac cycle, this study aimed to determine whether TDI-MPI is an informative index for assessing HFPEF, compared with conventional echo parameters.Hypothesis:In patients with HFPEF, TDI-MPI would be an independent predictor for adverse cardiac events.Methods:Among 408 patients who had diastolic dysfunction without heart failure (HF) or HFPEF, cardiac function was evaluated by mitral flow (MF) or TDI-MPI. During the median follow-up of 32 months, clinical outcomes, which were defined as the composite of cardiovascular death and admission for HF, were assessed.Results:Mean MF and TDI-MPI were significantly greater in the HFPEF group. TDI-MPI rather than MF had a significant correlation with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of TDI-MPI for the detection of HFPEF was 0.86. With regard to clinical outcomes, 31 events were identified during follow-up periods. On a multivariate analysis, TDI-MPI >0.66 was the best prognostic predictor of events and provided incremental predictive value.Conclusions:Compared to MF-MPI, TDI-MPI may be a more useful parameter for the evaluation of patients with HFPEF. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.