Catabolite repression-resistant mutants of Bacillus subtilis.
ABSTRACT Mutants of Bacillus subtilis that are able to sporulate under the condition of catabolite repression were isolated by a simple selection technique. The mutants used in the present study were able to grow normally on minimal medium with ammonium sulphate as the nitrogen source and glucose as the carbon source. Studies carried out with these mutants show that there is no close relation between catabolite repression of an inducible enzyme, acetoin dehydrogenase, and that of sporulation. Certain mutants are able to sporulate in the presence of all the carbon sources tested but some mutants are resistant only to the carbon source used in isolation. It is suggested that several metabolic steps may be affected in catabolite repression of sporulation.
Article: Bacteriophage-enhanced sporulation: comparison of spore-converting bacteriophages PMB12 and SP10.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The previously characterized bacteriophage SP10 enhanced the frequency of wild-type sporulation by Bacillus subtilis W23 and 3-13. Comparison of SP10 with the spore-converting bacteriophage PMB12 indicated that both bacteriophages significantly increased the sporulation frequency of an oligosporogenic mutant that contained spo0J::Tn917 omega HU261. SP10 and PMB12 caused wild-type bacteria to sporulate in a liquid medium that initially contained enough glucose to inhibit the sporulation and expression of alpha-amylase by uninfected bacteria. SP10 also induced the expression of alpha-amylase in the presence of glucose, whereas PMB12 had no detectable effect. These observations were consistent with the conclusion that SP10 is a spore-converting bacteriophage and that SP10 and PMB12 relieve glucose-mediated catabolite repression of sporulation by different mechanisms.Journal of Bacteriology 05/1990; 172(4):1948-53. · 3.83 Impact Factor
Article: Developmental gene expression in Bacillus subtilis crsA47 mutants reveals glucose-activated control of the gene for the minor sigma factor sigma(H).[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The presence of excess glucose in growth media prevents normal sporulation of Bacillus subtilis. The crsA47 mutation, located in the gene for the vegetative phase sigma factor (sigma(A)) results in a glucose-resistant sporulation phenotype. As part of a study of the mechanisms whereby the mutation in sigma(A) overcomes glucose repression of sporulation, we examined the expression of genes involved in sporulation initiation in the crsA47 background. The crsA47 mutation had a significant impact on a variety of genes. Changes to stage II gene expression could be linked to alterations in the expression of the sinI and sinR genes. In addition, there was a dramatic increase in the expression of genes dependent on the minor sigma factor sigma(H). This latter change was paralleled by the pattern of spo0H gene transcription in cells with the crsA47 mutation. In vitro analysis of RNA polymerase containing sigma(A47) indicated that it did not have unusually high affinity for the spo0H gene promoter. The in vivo pattern of spo0H expression is not predicted by the known regulatory constraints on spo0H and suggests novel regulation mechanisms that are revealed in the crsA47 background.Journal of Bacteriology 09/2001; 183(16):4814-22. · 3.83 Impact Factor
Article: Differential regulation of spo0A transcription in Bacillus subtilis: glucose represses promoter switching at the initiation of sporulation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We have shown by S1 nuclease mapping with in vivo transcripts that the differential expression of a sporulation-regulatory gene, spo0A, is regulated by switching of two discrete promoters during the initiation of sporulation in Bacillus subtilis; vegetative mRNA was transcribed from an upstream promoter (Pv, vegetative promoter), and sporulation-specific mRNA was transcribed from the other promoter (Ps, sporulation-specific promoter) about 150 bp downstream of the Pv promoter. Transcription from the Pv promoter was at a low level and shut off at T0.5. On the other hand, transcription from the Ps promoter was strongly induced at T0.5 and increased until T2.5. In the presence of 2% glucose, Pv-directed transcription was not shut off and was observed even at T1.5, whereas the induction of Ps-directed transcription was completely repressed. A mutant in which the spo0A gene was transcribed only from the Ps promoter could sporulate normally in the presence of 0.1% glucose but could not sporulate at all in the presence of 2% glucose. In a catabolite-resistant sporulation mutant carrying crsA47 (sigA47), a mutation within the gene encoding sigma A, normal promoter switching from Pv to Ps was observed in the presence of 2% glucose.Journal of Bacteriology 05/1991; 173(8):2625-32. · 3.83 Impact Factor