Article

Polystyrene Composites Containing Crosslinked Polystyrene-Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Balls

Journal of Applied Polymer Science (Impact Factor: 1.64). 12/2008; 110(6):3737 - 3744. DOI: 10.1002/app.29002

ABSTRACT Crosslinked polystyrene-multiwalled carbon nanotube (PS-MWCNT) balls, which act as conductive microfillers, were prepared by the in situ suspension polymerization of styrene with MWCNTs and divinyl benzene (DVB) as a crosslinking agent. The diameters of the synthesized crosslinked PS-MWCNT balls ranged from 10 to 100 μm and their electrical conductivity was about 7.7 × 10−3 S/cm. The morphology of the crosslinked PS-MWCNT balls was observed by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The change in the chemical structure of the MWCNTs was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The mechanical and electrical properties of the PS/crosslinked PS-MWCNT ball composites were investigated. It was found that the tensile strength, ultimate strain, Young's modulus, and impact strength of the PS matrix were enhanced by the incorporation of the crosslinked PS-MWCNT balls. In addition, the mechanical properties of the PS/crosslinked PS-MWCNT ball composites were better than those of the PS/pristine MWCNT composites. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008

1 Follower
 · 
94 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Free radical miniemulsion polymerization of styrene (St), St/acrylonitrile 3 : 1 mixture or methylmethacrylate in the presence of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) was proven as a convenient way to obtain homogenous hybrids with perspectives in associated applications like foams specialties materials. Miniemulsion polymerization was viable up to 2% wt. MWCNT to monomer, without agglomerations. The grafting on MWCNT during the polymerization occurs without the need for supplementary functionalization and the polymer grafted nanotubes showed stable dispersions in the polymer solvent. Monomer polarity affected the grafting ability during the polymerization process. The nanocomposites obtained after purification and drying were used in foaming process. MWCNT presence in the related nanocomposites decreased the pore sizes in foam-like materials (for all three different matrices). At 1 wt % MWCNT content, low density (< 0.3 g/cm3), low pore size (< 10 μm) and high cell density (>109 cell/cm3) were achieved. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 41148.
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 07/2014; 131(23). DOI:10.1002/app.41148 · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This short Perspective conveys to the general reader of Macromolecules basic approaches of materials science of polymeric membranes for gas and vapor separation. The relations between the polymer structure and transport properties of rubbery and glassy membrane materials are considered. On the basis of acquired information, several methods for quantitative prediction of permeability were developed, and their comparative analysis is given in the Perspective. The past decade was marked by the appearance of a number of novel interesting membrane materials, which will be briefly described in the text. In conclusion, novel approaches for achieving highly permeable and permselective materials (e.g., mixed matrix membranes) will be considered as well as several relevant but not solved so far problems of membrane gas separation.
    Macromolecules 04/2012; 45(8):3298-3311. DOI:10.1021/ma300213b · 5.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two poly(vinylidene fluoride)(PVDF)/carbon nanotube (CNT) composites are prepared by solution sonication and mechanical mixture approaches. It is found that α-phase coexists with β-phase in the composite prepared by sonicating the PVDF/CNT mixture solution, while no β-phase can be observed in the composite prepared from the mechanical mixture route. With the help of the density functional theory calculations, it is explained that a large amount of energy is required for transforming trans−gauche−trans−gauche′ (TGTG′) into trans−trans (TT) conformations and the TT molecular chain can be bound on the CNT surface tightly. The emergence of β-phases is independent of zigzag carbon atoms on the CNT surface. The formation mechanism of β-phase is proposed based on the theoretical calculations and experimental results.
    Macromolecules 11/2009; 42(22). DOI:10.1021/ma901765j · 5.93 Impact Factor