Severity of chorioamnionitis and neonatal outcome
ABSTRACT Aim: The aim of this study is to elucidate whether the stage of chorioamnionitis is or is not associated with the development of neonatal diseases.Material & Methods: We reviewed the neonatal intensive care unit discharge files and placental pathology reports of 302 preterm infants. The presence of various stages of chorioamnionitis as well as absence of an association with chorioamnionitis (non-chorioamnionitis) were compared among neonatal diseases.Results: Preterm infants were grouped according to three stages of chorioamnionitis or the absence of an association with chorioamnionitis. Gestational age differed significantly between these groups. Before controlling for gestational age, the chorioamnionitis stage was significantly higher among infants with chronic lung disease, retinopathy of prematurity and intraventricular hemorrhage than in infants without these diseases. On the other hand, the chorioamnionitis stage was lower in infants with respiratory distress syndrome than without. After controlling for gestational age, the stage of chorioamnionitis was significantly lower in infants with respiratory distress syndrome than in infants without respiratory distress syndrome, whereas, significant differences were not detected between the presence and absence of chronic lung disease, retinopathy of prematurity and intraventricular hemorrhage. Furthermore, gestational age was a significant risk factor for chronic lung disease, respiratory distress syndrome, retinopathy of prematurity and intraventricular hemorrhage.Conclusions: We found no significant differences in stages of chorioamnionitis between infants with and without neonatal diseases except for respiratory distress syndrome. A significant inverse relationship was observed between the stage of chorioamnionitis and development of respiratory distress syndrome.
- SourceAvailable from: Tim G A M Wolfs[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To accumulate available evidence regarding the association between antenatal inflammation and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Knowledge, and reference hand searches. Human studies published in English that reported associations between chorioamnionitis or other indicators of antenatal inflammation and NEC were eligible. Relevant associations were extracted and reported. Studies reporting associations between histological chorioamnionitis (HC) and NEC, HC with fetal involvement and NEC, and clinical chorioamnionitis and NEC were pooled in separate meta-analyses. RESULTS: A total of 33 relevant studies were identified. Clinical chorioamnionitis was significantly associated with NEC (12 studies; n = 22 601; OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.01-1.52; P = .04; I(2) = 12%), but the association between HC and NEC was not statistically significant (13 studies; n = 5889; OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 0.95-2.04; P = .09; I(2) = 49%). However, HC with fetal involvement was highly associated with NEC (3 studies; n = 1640; OR, 3.29; 95% CI, 1.87-5.78; P ≤ .0001; I(2) = 10%). Selection based on study quality did not affect the results. No indications of publication bias were apparent. Multivariate analyses in single studies generally attenuated the reported associations. Several associations between other markers of antenatal inflammation and NEC are reported. CONCLUSION: Currently available evidence supports a role for antenatal inflammation in NEC pathophysiology. This finding emphasizes the need to further study the underlying mechanisms and evaluate potential interventions to improve postnatal intestinal outcomes.The Journal of pediatrics 08/2012; · 4.02 Impact Factor