Article

Synthesis and Immunological Properties of a Tetrasaccharide Portion of the B Side Chain of Rhamnogalacturonan II (RG‐II)

Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, The University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA, Fax: (+1) 706-542-4412
ChemBioChem (Impact Factor: 3.06). 02/2008; 9(3):381 - 388. DOI: 10.1002/cbic.200700501

ABSTRACT A highly convergent strategy was used for the synthesis of a tetrasaccharide [3-aminopropyl beta-L-arabinofuranosyl-(1-->3)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside] portion of the B side chain of the plant cell-wall pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II (RG-II). The terminal nonreducing beta-L-arabinofuranosyl residue of the target compound was installed by using an arabinofuranosyl donor that was protected with a 3,5-O-(di-tert-butylsilane) group to facilitate nucleophilic attack from the beta-face. The synthetic strategy also employed a chemoselective glycosylation of a trichloroacetimidate donor with a thioglycosyl acceptor; this gave a product that could be used immediately in a subsequent glycosylation. The reducing end of the tetrasaccharide contained an aminopropyl group to facilitate conjugation to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). Mice that were immunized with a KLH-tetrasaccharide conjugate produced antibodies that recognized RG-II isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana cell walls, but did not recognize RG-II obtained from red wine. Our data suggest that the arabinopyranosyl residue exists in the (4)C(1) conformation in the tetrasaccharide and in A. thaliana RG-II, whereas it has the (1)C(4) conformation in wine RG-II. It is proposed that differences in the conformation of side chain B might account for the ability of antibodies to discriminate between RG-II that was isolated from Arabidopsis and wine.

0 Followers
 · 
82 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A major component of the cell wall of mycobacteria is the mycolyl-arabinogalactan (mAG) complex. The arabinose and galactose residues in mAG are found solely in the furanose form, and it has been suggested that the flexibility of these five-membered rings allows for the tight packing of mycolic acids. In order to probe the "flexible scaffold hypothesis", we designed and synthesized glycolipids 3-6 and 8-11 as simple models of the terminal portion of mAG. A set of donors and acceptors were explored for preparing the key beta-(1-->2) linkage in 2-6, and the best selectivity and yield can be obtained by using the electron-rich thioglycoside donor 14 and the O-5 p-methoxybenzyl-protected acceptor 17. Both alpha-linkages in the trisaccharides 7-11 were formed in a one-pot reaction. The conformations of compounds 2-11 were studied using solution-state NMR spectroscopy, but little change was observed in the coupling constants for the ring protons between 2 and 3-6 or between 7 and 8-11. However, the rotamer populations about the C-4-C-5 bond for the beta-linked ring in disaccharide 2 did change upon acylation at O-5.
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry 08/2010; 75(15):4992-5007. DOI:10.1021/jo100575a · 4.64 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nα-tert-Butoxycarbonyl-L-trans-4-hydroxyproline allyl ester (Boc-Hyp-OAll) was glycosylated with 2,3,5-tri-O-benzyl-L-arabinose p-cresylthioglycoside in 60% yield with 4:1 β:α stereoselectivity. Deprotection of N- and C-terminii independently gave a prolyl amine and prolyl carboxylate respectively that were coupled under standard conditions with 1-[bis-(dimethylamino)methylene]-1H-1,2,3-triazolo-[4,5,b]-pyridininium hexafluorophosphate 3-oxide (N-HATU) to give the dimer 1 in 46% yield. These results represent the first steps toward the production of homogeneous oligomers to determine the minimal epitope of the Art v 1 allergen.
    Organic Letters 10/2010; 12(21):4968-71. DOI:10.1021/ol102112z · 6.32 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Conformationally restricted 3,5-O-di-tert-butylsilylene-D-galactofuranosyl trichloroacetimidate donors were synthesized from allyl α-D-galactofuranoside for the construction of 1,2-cis α-D-galactofuranosyl linkages. Glycosylation reactions were performed with several acceptors, including D-galactono-1,4-lactone, D-rhamnopyranosyl, and D-mannopyranosyl derivatives. The influence of the temperature and the reaction solvents was evaluated, as well as the 6-O-substitution pattern of the donor. The higher α-selectivities were obtained at -78 °C in diethyl ether as solvent. 6-O-Acetyl substitution on constrained donor increased the α-selectivity compared to the 6-O-benzyl substitution. Almost no selectivities were observed in the non-participating solvent CH(2)Cl(2). In contrast, ethereal solvents enhanced the α-selectivity suggesting a participating effect in the reaction intermediate.
    Carbohydrate research 10/2011; 346(18):2838-48. DOI:10.1016/j.carres.2011.10.004 · 1.97 Impact Factor