Phase inversion process to prepare quasi‐solid‐state electrolyte for the dye‐sensitized solar cells

Journal of Applied Polymer Science (Impact Factor: 1.64). 07/2008; 109(2):1369 - 1375. DOI: 10.1002/app.28208

ABSTRACT A quasi-solid-state electrolyte for the dye-sensitized solar cells was prepared following the phase inversion process. The microporous polymer electrolyte based on poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (P(VDF-HFP)) hybrid with different amount of TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared. The surface morphologies, the differential scanning calorimetry, and the ionic conductivity of the microporous polymer electrolyte were tested and analyzed. The results indicated that the microporous polymer electrolyte with TiO2 nanoparticles modification exhibited better ionic conductivity compared with the original P(VDF-HFP) polymer electrolyte. The optimal ionic conductivity of 0.8 mS cm−1 is obtained with the 30 wt % TiO2 nanoparticles modification. When assembled with the 30 wt % TiO2 nanoparticles modified quasi-solid-state electrolyte, the dye-sensitized TiO2 nanocrystalline solar cell exhibited the light to electricity conversion efficiency of 2.465% at light intensity of 42.6 mW cm−2, much better than the performance of original P(VDF-HFP) microporous polymer electrolyte DSSC. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008

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    ABSTRACT: Electrochemical properties of structurally modified quasi-solid-state electrolytes were examined using porous substrates (PSs). The PS was prepared into two categories by a phase inversion method with a brominated poly(phenylene oxide) (BPPO): the sponge and finger types. Effects of the humidification and cosolvent compositions on the morphology of the PS were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. In all cases of the PSs, a higher VOC was observed of about 0.1 V than that of a liquid electrolyte owing to a suppressed back electron charge transfer. In addition, the PS prepared by the polymer solution of 1 : 4 : 1 (BPPO : N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone : butyl alcohol) with the humidification process showed better photovoltaic properties in terms of the current density and conversion efficiency owing to the appropriate combinations of pore size, tortuosity, and interconnectivity. Effects of the pore structures were intensively examined using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The impedance results revealed that large pores at the surface layers are advantageous for a lower RS and RTiO2. Meanwhile, the straight inner structure is beneficial for the facile I−/I3− diffusion, thus lowering RPt. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 39739.
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 01/2014; 131(1). DOI:10.1002/app.39739 · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • Progress in Photovoltaics Research and Applications 09/2008; 16(6):547-553. DOI:10.1002/pip.849 · 9.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carbon black was embedded in mixtures of poly(ethylene oxide) and poly(vinylidene fluoride–hexafluoropropylene) to make a carbon/polymer composite slurry, which was deposited onto a transparent conducting glass substrate by a doctor‐blade coating for application in dye‐sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) as a counter‐electrode (CE) material. The experiments indicated that the photovoltaic parameters of the DSSCs were strongly dependent on the carbon concentration in the slurry. The device with a carbon CE whose mass ratio was 1 : 1 (mass ratio = carbon black mass to polymer mass) exhibited an overall energy conversion efficiency of 4.62%; this was comparable to that of a device with platinum as a CE (5.32%) under the same test conditions. The better electrocatalytic activity of CE‐1.0 (where 1.0 indicates the mass ratio of carbon black to polymer) for the reduction of triiodide resulted a higher performance of the DSSC with such a CE. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 04/2013; 128(1). DOI:10.1002/app.38147 · 1.64 Impact Factor