Article

Structural, optical and photoluminescence properties of ZnS: Cu nanoparticle thin films as a function of dopant concentration and quantum confinement effect

National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110 012, India
Crystal Research and Technology (Impact Factor: 1.12). 06/2007; 42(10):976 - 982. DOI: 10.1002/crat.200710950

ABSTRACT Thin films of ZnS: Cu nanoparticles were deposited in chemical bath by a pH controlled solution synthesis technique. The copper concentration was varied from 0 to 0.1M%. XRD and SEM indicated variations in diffracted intensity and morphology with Cu concentration. The PL spectrum of the undoped ZnS nanoparticles showed emission peaks at 393 and 432nm that could be attributed to the intrinsic defect states of ZnS nanoparticles. For ZnS: Cu samples three peaks in the range of 390nm, 480nm and 525nm were observed. With increase in Cu concentration from 0.001 to 0.1M%, the peak position of 480nm and 525nm did not change, whereas 390nm peak red shifted to longer wavelength region to 422nm. In addition, it was found that the overall photoluminescence intensity reached maximum at 0.01M% and quenched with further increase in Cu concentration. Enhancement of blue and green light emission by seven and twenty fivefold respectively compared to undoped ZnS was observed in ZnS: Cu with optimal dopant concentration. Time resolved decay of photoluminescence showed faster decay for 390 – 420nm purple/ blue emission compared to green (525nm) Cu related emission which is in the microsecond time scale. Optical absorption measurements indicate enhancement of band gap (3.89eV) for undoped ZnS suggesting the quantum confinement effect in the developed nanoparticles of size below the Bohr diameter. (© 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

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