Attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms and Internet addiction

Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (Impact Factor: 1.62). 10/2004; 58(5):487 - 494. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2004.01290.x

ABSTRACT Abstract  The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between attention deficit-hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms and Internet addiction. In total, 535 elementary school students (264 boys, 271 girls; mean age, 11.0 ± 1.0 years) were recruited. The presence or severity of Internet addiction was assessed by the Young's Internet Addiction test. Parents and teachers of the children completed the DuPaul's attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scale (ARS; Korean version, K-ARS) and Child Behavior Checklists. Children with the highest and lowest quartiles in K-ARS scores were defined to be in ADHD and non-ADHD groups, respectively. Five children (0.9%) met criteria for a definite Internet addiction and 75 children (14.0%) met criteria for a probable Internet addiction. K-ARS scores had significant positive correlations with Young's Internet Addiction test scores. The Internet addiction group had higher total scores of K-ARS and ADHD-related subcategories in the Child Behavior Checklists than the non-addiction group. The ADHD group had higher Internet addiction scores compared with the non-ADHD group. Therefore, significant associations have been found between the level of ADHD symptoms and the severity of Internet addiction in children. In addition, current findings suggest that the presence of ADHD symptoms, both in inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity domains, may be one of the important risk factors for Internet addiction.

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    • "Around 44,000 new Pakistani users join Facebook every week [6]. There are fewer researches in Pakistan particularly only shocking consequences of internet addiction that " s way the present research conduct to investigate the appalling outcomes of Internet addiction and its relation Loneliness [7] [8] [9] [10]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The current research aims to explain the excessive use of internet as becomes internet addiction and its relation with loneliness. The sample of (N =1020) undergraduates from Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan (BZU) and The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (IUB) were taken, including 255 male and 255 female from each university. A-Priori sample size was calculated to estimate minimum sample size that was 974 to remove biasness; I was taken twenty three respondents additionally from each university. There were two questionnaires used for measuring variables that were Chen Internet Addiction Scale, and UCLA Loneliness Scale was employed. Cross-sectional survey research design was used. Data was collected through purposive sampling technique and it analyzed by using SPSS version 21.0. Statistical techniques Regression, t-test, mean, and standard deviation were used. The results confirm from the collected data, 28% students have internet addicts, and 13.5% have high level of loneliness. Comparatively BZU students have more prevalence of internet addiction and high level of loneliness as compared to IUB. Likewise male students have more occurrences of these psychological problem as compared to female students overall. Study provides the potential negative impact and effect of internet addiction, developed a consensus definition, sign and symptoms of IA, and explored the physical, psychological and sociological outcomes of IA. INTRODUCTION The Internet is one of the most widely accessible media in the world [1]. Internets users grow adversely whole of the world [2]. The highly internet users are younger and they label or called as net generation [3,4]. The risk of adolescent " s health increased day by day due to emerging phenomenon of problematic internet use, it is less theoretical frame work and need more study to explore it [5]. The rise of the Internet has been accompanied by worries regarding its impact on the health and well-being of children and adolescents. Pakistani youth have been accepted as one of the rising nation of internet users. Users of social networking site Facebook in Pakistan have crossed the nine million mark, making Pakistan the 27th most popular country on Facebook. Around 44,000 new Pakistani users join Facebook every week [6]. There are fewer researches in Pakistan particularly only shocking consequences of internet addiction that " s way the present research conduct to investigate the appalling outcomes of Internet addiction and its relation Loneliness [7-10]. Internet Addiction The internet has emerged to become a daily part and important factor of our lives. Majority of individuals avail vast opportunity to contact with global world, as well as engaged diverse activities including receive any kind of information, educational principles as completing school-work, entertainment as playing online games, reading and writing emails and engaging in real time chatting, business enhancement, and improving standard or quality of life [11-12]. Glasser [13] described addiction positively and explains as addiction an activity had to integrate following features non-challenging and non-competitive with other daily activities, it relatively easy to complete, it could be done single individual without companion, it had completely engaged to the individual, during usage some enhancement would result, and finally it involved without criticism and not occurrence of self-disapproval. Although it is simple criteria could apply to the use of the internet, but the important questioned arises that if positive addictions are actual addictions, it really fulfill many of the signs/ components of standard addictions such as tolerance and withdrawal [14]. Similarly becoming " " addicted " " to the internet, some researchers have further described a correlation between the amount of time that spent individuals during online mostly reported negative consequences [15]. According to Griffiths [16] there are two types of addict individuals, first those who used technology to gain pleasure, and spent easy, enjoyable life. Second those who are using the technology to escape difficulties or divert their attentions from difficult and responsible life toward easy and comfortable life. According
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    • "The increasing use of the internet – especially among young adults – apart from its positive effects, sometimes leads to excessive use with negative consequences for sociability and family life (Shen and Williams, 2010). Researchers have shown that excessive use of the internet (EIU) is related to academic and psychosocial impairment (Bartholow et al., 2005; Kubey et al., 2006), agitated and neglected nutritional needs (Tsai et al., 2009) and mental health problems, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-ADHD (Yoo et al., 2004; Cho et al., 2008; Yen et al., 2009), insomnia (Choi et al., 2009; Cheung and Wong, 2011), depression (Ha et al., 2007; Ko et al., 2008), social anxiety (Chak and Leung, 2004; Caplan, 2007), psychosis (Bonotis et al., 2013) and other psychiatric conditions (Morrison and Gore, 2010; Ko et al., 2012). University students are considered as a high risk group for EIU (Kandell, 1998; Nalwa and Anand, 2003; Niemz et al., 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: The increasing use of computers and the internet - especially among young people - apart from its positive effects, sometimes leads to excessive and pathological use. The present study examined the relationship among the excessive use of the internet by university students, the alexithymia components and sociodemographic factors associated with internet users and their online activities. 515 university students from the University of Thessaly participated in the study. Participants anonymously completed: a) the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), b) the Toronto Alexithymia Test (TAS 20) and c) a questionnaire covering various aspects of internet use and demographic characteristics of internet users. Excessive use of the internet among Greek university students was studied within a multi-factorial context and was associated with the alexithymia and demographic factors in nonlinear correlations, forming thus a personalized emotional and demographic profile of the excessive internet users.
    Psychiatry Research 08/2014; 220(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2014.07.066 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    • "In regard to gender, males and females differed significantly in their IAT scores, In line with previous studies (e.g., Esen & Gündogdu, 2010; Liberatore et al., 2011; Ko et al., 2006; Yoo et al., 2004), males scored significantly higher on IAT in comparison to female respondents (r pb = –.185, p < .001). "
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims: Research into Internet addiction (IA) has increased greatly over the last decade. Despite its various definitions and general lack of consensus regarding its conceptualisation amongst researchers, instruments for measuring this phenomenon have proliferated in a number of countries. There has been little research on IA in Portugal and this may be partly due the absence of standardized measurement tools for assessing IA. Method: This study attempted to address this issue by adapting a Portuguese version of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) via a translation-back translation process and Confirmatory Factor Analysis in a sample of 593 Portuguese students that completed a Portuguese version of the IAT along with questions related to socio-demographics variables. Results: The findings suggested that the IAT appears to be a valid and reliable instrument for measuring IA among Portuguese young adults as demonstrated by its satisfactory psychometrics properties. However, the present findings also suggest the need to reword some of the IAT's items. Prevalence of IA found in the sample was 1.2%, this was discussed alongside findings relating to socio-demographics correlates. Limitations and implications of the present study are also discussed. Conclusions: The present study calls for a reflection of the IAT while also contributing to a better understanding of the basic aspects of IA in the Portuguese community since many health practitioners are starting to realise that Internet use may pose as a risk for some individuals.
    Journal of Behavioural Addictions 06/2014; 3(2). DOI:10.1556/JBA.3.2014.2.4
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