Research articles on women's entrepreneurship reveal, in spite of intentions to the contrary and in spite of inconclusive research results, a tendency to recreate the idea of women as being secondary to men and of women's businesses being of less significance or, at best, as being a complement. Based on a discourse analysis, this article discusses what research practices cause these results. It suggests new research directions that do not reproduce women's subordination but capture more and richer aspects of women's entrepreneurship.
"Similarly, the academic field of entrepreneurship is also anchored in the masculine model. The stereotype of the entrepreneur is a man, and it is an image that sometimes approaches mythical proportions of strength, fearlessness, and invincibility (Ahl 2006; Bruni et al. 2004; Ogbor 2000). To focus on women entrepreneurs in positions of leadership is to dig around in a field that is imbued with a double dose of masculinity. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Entrepreneurial track is a source of innovation for women’s leadership (Bel, 2009). What about the women who have spent many years as the head of growth companies that they created or acquired? In order to measure up to what point these women defy the canon, we wanted to examine the managerial and strategic postures that they assume. We conducted interviews in 2012 with six women leaders of growth companies. We observed that these women’s leadership reveals not only strategically transgressive attitudes, but also a radical rupture with a system of thought that tends to define leadership as an institutionalizing dynamic. This challenging posture does not intend to create a new type of leadership, but it highlights a trend towards a more authentic, shared and distributed leadership. Moreover, this type of leadership contributes to the well-being of these women entrepreneurs and their teams at work.
Handbook on Well-Being of Working Women, Edited by Connerley, M. L., Wu, J, 01/2016: chapter 15: pages 243-262; The Netherlands: Springer and the International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS).., ISBN: ISBN 978-94-017-9896-9
"However, in addition to his part-time jobs, Paul started an international food shop in order to make other immigrants 'feel more at home in the North', as he explained. In becoming an entrepreneur, Paul entered what is often considered a 'masculine' professional identity (Ahl 2006). Many people, including municipal authorities, appreciated Paul's endeavours. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Most research on rural masculinity focuses on sedentary and agricultural lifestyles. Based on fieldwork and interviews with 18 male newcomers, this article explores constructions of masculinities among in-migrants engaged in several occupations and entrepreneurial activities in Finnmark, in Northern Norway. Building on the concept of hegemonic masculinities, we show how a specific combination of compact geography, a changing labour market and the Nordic dual-earner family model and welfare state create a rural space of opportunities in which male in-migrants construct themselves as men for the future. The respondents emphasise the importance of intensive fatherhood, being a supportive spouse, and commitment to leisure activities as well as their professional identities. Contrary to studies of rural masculinities emphasising ‘macho’ traits, our analysis demonstrates the prevalence of novel nonhegemonic masculinities among in-migrants in northernmost Norway.
"The caring aspect of people's lives is another issue that must be incorporated into the sustainability approach (Ahl, 2006). Otherwise, structural inequalities are reproduced, leading to women's self-exploitation, as is often seen to be the case in rural tourism (Carbó et al., 2013). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Developing an integrated place-based approach is necessary in order to generate sustainable policies in mountain and peripheral areas with high natural values. The High Catalan Pyrenees in Catalonia is one of these remote areas with high natural values, currently facing severe sustainability challenges. The high natural values, also called environmental capital, represent the main source of assets in a development rationale. In the urban-rural dynamics arena, " naturbanization " is one of the processes that express the profound transformation of rural society in these areas. Understood as the increasing attraction of new residents to Protected Natural Areas (PNA), naturbanization generates new development opportunities together with social renewal. Naturbanization also increases pressure on land use and raises divisions among the wide range of land users. Previous studies have identified two main paths in the area. On the one hand, ski resorts associated with new second homes are at the core of what can be called the " tourism and building " model. On the other hand, handicraft products represent the key in innovative development and social initiatives. Both models are focused on visitors but yield different impacts over the land and on the community. Both land and community use environmental assets and they are located in or close to PNA. The tourism and building model has brought about an important demographic recovery and an increase in per capita income in the area. However, this model has found its limits when promoted solely as a model of growth in the ecodevelopment framework. In contrast, entrepreneurial activities with added value show greater consistency with sustainable principles. Moreover, women's participation in entrepreneurial projects shows an increasing leadership role that can be associated with greater gender equality. New research explores the extent of the innovative initiatives related to natural assets and highlights the importance of developing an integrated approach in order to generate sustainable policies.
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