Article

MAPK/ERK signalling mediates VEGF‐induced bone marrow stem cell differentiation into endothelial cell

Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.75). 02/2008; 12(6a):2395 - 2406. DOI: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2008.00266.x

ABSTRACT Multi-potent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs) differentiate into endothelial cells (ECs) in the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The mechanism(s) of VEGF-induced differentiation of MAPCs to ECs are not yet known. We, therefore, examined the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p42/44-MAPK/ERK1/2) signalling in endothelial differentiation from bone marrow stem cells. We observed that VEGF stimulation of MAPCs for 14 days results in a significant expression of endothelial-specific gene and/or proteins including von Willebrand factor (vWF), vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin), VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2), and CD31. Up-regulation of EC-specific markers was accompanied by a cobblestone morphology, expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and Dil-Ac-LDL uptake, typical for EC morphology and function. VEGF induced a sustained activation of p42 MAPK/ERK, but not that of p44 MAPK/ERK during the course of MAPCs differentiation in a time-dependent manner up to 14 days. VEGF-induced activation of p42 MAPK/ERK also led to the nuclear translocation of MAPK/ERK1/2. Incubation of MAPCs with MAPK/ERK1/2 phosphorylation inhibitor PD98059 blocked the sustained VEGF-induced MAPK/ERK1/2 phosphorylation as well as its nuclear translocation in the differentiating MAPCs. Inhibition of MAPK/ERK1/2 phosphorylation by PD98059 also blocked the expression of EC-specific genes in these cells and their differentiation to ECs. These data suggest that VEGF induces MAPC differentiation into EC via a. MAPK/ERK1/2 signalling pathway-mediated mechanism in vitro.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
117 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To review the effect of endothelial progenitor cells in neovascularization as well as their application to the therapy of tumors. The data used in this review were mainly from PubMed for relevant English language articles published from 1997 to 2009. The search term was "endothelial progenitor cells". Articles regarding the role of endothelial progenitor cells in neovascularization and their application to the therapy of tumors were selected. Endothelial progenitor cells isolated from bone marrow, umbilical cord blood and peripheral blood can proliferate, mobilize and differentiate into mature endothelial cells. Experiments suggest endothelial progenitor cells take part in forming the tumor vascular through a variety of mechanisms related to vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinases, chemokine stromal cell-derived factor 1 and its receptor C-X-C receptor-4, erythropoietin, Notch signal pathway and so on. Evidence demonstrates that the number and function change of endothelial progenitor cells in peripheral blood can be used as a biomarker of the response of cancer patients to anti-tumor therapy and predict the prognosis and recurrence. In addition, irradiation temporarily increased endothelial cells number and decreased the endothelial progenitor cell counts in animal models. Meanwhile, in preclinical experiments, therapeutic gene-modified endothelial progenitor cells have been approved to attenuate tumor growth and offer a novel strategy for cell therapy and gene therapy of cancer. Endothelial progenitor cells play a particular role in neovascularization and have attractively potential prognostic and therapeutic applications to malignant tumors. However, a series of problems, such as the definitive biomarkers of endothelial progenitor cells, their interrelationship with radiotherapy and their application in cell therapy and gene therapy of tumors, need further investigation.
    Chinese medical journal 09/2010; 123(17):2454-60. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stem cell-based therapy is a promising option for the treatment of ischemic heart diseases. As to a successful stem cell-based therapy, one of the most important issues is that the stable engraftment and survival of implanted stem cells in cardiac microenvironment. There are evidences suggest that pharmacological treatment devoted to regulate stem cell function might represent a potential new therapeutic strategy and are drawing nearer to becoming a part of treatment in clinical settings. Statins could exert cholesterol-independent or pleiotropic effects to cardiovascular system. Recent studies have shown that statins could modulate the biological characteristics and function of various stem cells, thus could be an effective method to facilitate stem cell therapy. This review will focus on statins and their modulation effects on various stem cells.
    Ageing research reviews 04/2012; 12(1):1-7. · 5.62 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show accelerated regeneration potential when these cells experience hypoxic stress. This "preconditioning" has shown promising results with respect to cardio-protection as it stimulates endogenous mechanisms resulting in multiple cellular responses. The current study was carried out to analyze the effect of hypoxia on the expression of certain growth factors in rat MSCs and cardiomyocytes (CMs). Both cell types were cultured and assessed separately for their responsiveness to hypoxia by an optimized dose of 2,4,-dinitrophenol (DNP). These cells were allowed to propagate under normal condition for either 2 or 24 h and then analyzed for the expression of growth factors by RT-PCR. Variable patterns of expression were observed which indicate that their expression depends on the time of re-oxygenation and extent of hypoxia. To see whether the growth factors released during hypoxia affect the fusion of MSCs with CMs, we performed co-culture studies in normal and conditioned medium. The conditioned medium is defined as the medium in which CMs were grown for re-oxygenation till the specified time period of either 2 or 24 h after hypoxia induction. The results showed that the fusion efficiency of cells was increased when the conditioned medium was used as compared to that in the normal medium. This may be due to the presence of certain growth factors released by the cells under hypoxic condition that promote cell survival and enhance their fusion or regenerating ability. This study would serve as another attempt in designing a therapeutic strategy in which conditioned MSCs can be used for ischemic diseases and provide more specific therapy for cardiac regeneration.
    Molecular Biology Reports 01/2014; · 2.51 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads

Similar Publications