Cytokeratin and laminin immunostaining in the diagnosis of cutaneous neuro‐endocrine (Merkel cell) tumours
ABSTRACT Nine cutaneous neuro-endocrine tumours have been immunostained with monoclonal antibodies to low molecular weight cytokeratin (CAM 5.2) and neurofilament. Polyclonal antisera to neurone-specific enolase, calcitonin and laminin were also used. All nine cases showed paranuclear, dot-like positive staining with CAM 5.2 and diffuse cytoplasmic staining for neurone-specific enolase. Neurofilament and calcitonin immunoreactivity could not be demonstrated. All tumours were negative for laminin immunoreactivity. The limitations of staining for neurone-specific enolase are discussed and the value of CAM 5.2 in the differential diagnosis of cutaneous neuro-endocrine tumours is emphasized. The histogenetic implications of the absence of laminin staining are considered.