Cytokeratin and laminin immunostaining in the diagnosis of cutaneous neuro‐endocrine (Merkel cell) tumours
ABSTRACT Nine cutaneous neuro-endocrine tumours have been immunostained with monoclonal antibodies to low molecular weight cytokeratin (CAM 5.2) and neurofilament. Polyclonal antisera to neurone-specific enolase, calcitonin and laminin were also used. All nine cases showed paranuclear, dot-like positive staining with CAM 5.2 and diffuse cytoplasmic staining for neurone-specific enolase. Neurofilament and calcitonin immunoreactivity could not be demonstrated. All tumours were negative for laminin immunoreactivity. The limitations of staining for neurone-specific enolase are discussed and the value of CAM 5.2 in the differential diagnosis of cutaneous neuro-endocrine tumours is emphasized. The histogenetic implications of the absence of laminin staining are considered.
- SourceAvailable from: bmj.com[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: CAM 5.2 is a murine monoclonal antibody, raised against the colon carcinoma cell line HT29, which recognises lower molecular weight intracellular cytokeratin proteins within secretory epithelia. Extensive indirect immunohistochemical studies have confirmed that this antibody stains formalin fixed (and freshly frozen) normal and malignant human tissue in a consistent manner. Reliable staining of conventionally processed pathological tissues provides more accurate identification and staging of human malignant epithelial diseases.Journal of Clinical Pathology 10/1984; 37(9):975-83. · 2.44 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Certain monomorphic cellular tumors that occur in the dermis have been called trabecular carcinomas or Merkel cell tumors. Forty-six cases have been reported to date and the literature on these is reviewed here, with six additional cases reported. Cytologic features include sparse cytoplasm, dispersed chromatin with inconspicuous nucleoli in round nuclei and many mitoses. Trabeculae and pseudorosettes may be identified. Electron microscopy is required for definitive diagnosis. Like normal Merkel cells, tumor cells contain electron-dense granules (80-200 nm), 10 mm filaments and desmosomes. Filament-rich cytoplasmic spikes were found in four tumors. These resemble corresponding protrusions of normal Merkel cells and have not been described in other APUDomas.Cancer 08/1983; 52(2):238-45. · 5.20 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Since met-enkephalin-like substance has been demonstrated only in Merkel cells of some rodents but not of cat, dog, pig, and humans, Merkel cells of these species were analyzed by immunohistochemistry using a variety of different antisera for the occurrence of neuropeptides different from met-enkephalin. In various locations of all species investigated Merkel cells were found to be immunoreactive exclusively to vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) but not to any of the other antisera used. Thus, in mammalian Merkel cells, neuropeptides occur that are different from met-enkephalin. It is suggested that the Merkel cell-axon complex represents a complex regulatory system involving a presumptive receptor or modulator function whereby the Merkel cell may influence the threshold of the sensory nerve ending via release of a neuropeptide (VIP- or met-enkephalin-like material).Journal of Investigative Dermatology 01/1983; 81(4):361-364. · 6.19 Impact Factor