Does the regional nature of multinationals affect the multinationality and performance relationship?
ABSTRACT The traditional independent variable in the multinationality and performance literature is the ratio of foreign (F) to total (T) sales, (F/T). This can now be supplemented by a new regional variable, the ratio of regional (R) to total (T) sales, i.e. (R/T). Data are presented on both (F/T) and (R/T) for both sales and assets for a 5-year period, 2001–2005. New tests are reported on (R/T) as it affects a financial measure of performance, the Tobin’s Q. Implications are drawn for future research on the S-curve relationship between multinationality and performance in the light of this regional phenomenon.
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ABSTRACT: In this paper we address three challenges. First, we discuss how international new ventures (INVs) are probably not explained by the Uppsala model as there is no time for learning about foreign markets in newly born and small firms. Only in the longer term can INVs develop experiential learning to overcome the liability of foreignness as they expand abroad. Second, we advance theoretically on previous research demonstrating that the multinationality−performance relationship of INVs follows a traditional S-shaped relationship, but they first experience a ‘born global illusion’ which leads to a non-traditional M curve. Third, using a panel data analysis for the period 1994–2008 we find empirically that Spanish INVs follow an inverted U curve in the very short term, where no learning takes place, but that experience gained over time yields an M-curve relationship once learning takes place.British Journal of Management 07/2013; · 1.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Drawing on regional strategy theory we complement the core effect of firm-specific advantages on the performance of multinational enterprises with an analysis of the performance consequences of home region concentration on firm performance. We also develop hypotheses regarding the effect of foreign entry timing, internationalization speed and international experience on the performance effect of home region concentration. We test our hypotheses against unique longitudinal data from a panel of 128 multinational enterprises in the retail sector whose geographical spread of international activities we traced between 1995 and 2010. Our findings support the predictions of regional strategy theory and highlight the importance of foreign entry timing and internationalization speed in strengthening the positive effect of home region concentration on the performance of multinational enterprises.British Journal of Management 01/2014; · 1.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The theory of regionalization is still in its infancy. Previous research has shown that most firms are regional, as opposed to global in nature. This paper examines the relationship between the adoption of a regional strategy and firm performance and develops theoretical propositions. We use the main external drivers of performance i.e. market structure and insights from the adaptation/standardization approach and propose them as the main drivers that will help explain the relationship between regionalization and firm performance. Theoretical propositions are developed to further understanding of the relationship.