Modeling Botrytis Cinerea Spores Growth in Carbon Dioxide Enriched Atmospheres
ABSTRACT This study simulates the conditions in which Botrytis may appear in a modified atmosphere packed horticulture product, such as strawberry, so as to elaborate a predictive model that could allow us to estimate the shelf-life of a contaminated food product in such atmosphere conditions (0 to 40% CO2). The estimated shelf-lives obtained at 18 °C were 92, 164, and 236 h in storage atmospheres of 0, 10, and 20% CO2, respectively, very close to observed values; no growth was observed above 30% CO2. The elaborated predictive model allows us to: (a) control development of this fungi if the food product is maintained in an atmosphere containing more than 20% CO2 and (b) predict the time taken for potential colonies to become visible (3 mm dia) and, thus, cause immediate rejection by consumers.
SourceAvailable from: Stefano Zardetto
Dataset: Food micr
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ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of 2 biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP) and 4 biaxially oriented polypropylene microperforated films (MP) of different transmission rates (7 and 9 holes) with and without oxygen scavengers, on storage stability of fresh strawberries were studied. Gas concentration in trays, pH, total soluble solids, surface color (L* and a*), electrical conductivity, sensory acceptance, texture profile and FT-NIR analyses were measured during storage at 4 °C. The microperforations and oxygen scavenger significantly affected the maintenance of an optimum gas composition within the package for increasing strawberry storage life and quality. The BOPP group had the greatest total soluble solids reduction from 9.72% to 7.25% and also highest pH changes (3.55–3.81) while MP groups showed the lowest pH change (3.55–3.72) at the end of storage. The MP fruit were firmer than the BOPP fruit, and L* and a* values were also better maintained. At the end of storage, the highest firmness values were obtained in the MP package with 616.35 gf for the 9-hole and 607.28 gf for the 7-hole films, whereas BOPP and BOPP + scavenger values were 421 gf and 448 gf, respectively. FT-NIR can be used for monitoring quality of strawberry nondestructively.Postharvest Biology and Technology 09/2012; 71:32–40. DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2012.04.009 · 2.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Botrytis cinerea cultures were stored on potato dextrose agar in air with or without 1.5 μL/L ozone at 2 °C. Cultures stored in the presence of ozone grew slower. Strawberry fruits (Fragaria×ananassa cv. Camarosa) were stored for 3 d at 2 °C in air with or without 1.5 μL/L ozone and then transferred to room temperature. Each group was inoculated with B. cinerea grown in air with or without ozone. Visible mycelial growth developed more rapidly on fruit previously stored in air. Ozone-enriched cold storage of naturally infected ‘Camarosa’ fruit reduced decay incidence, weight loss, and fruit softening, but resulted in a reversible loss of fruit aroma.Journal of Food Science 07/2006; 68(5):1798 - 1802. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2003.tb12332.x · 1.79 Impact Factor