A feasibility study on seeding as a bioremediation practice for the oily Kuwaiti desert

Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, Kuwait
Journal of Applied Microbiology (Impact Factor: 2.39). 10/2003; 83(3):353 - 358. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.1997.00237.x

ABSTRACT Immediately after a simulated oil spill, and for 28 weeks, Kuwaiti desert samples became steadily enriched with one specific, indigenous, oil-degrading Arthrobacter strain, KCC 201. Other indigenous oil degraders, including other Arthrobacter strains, either remained unchanged at low numbers or steadily disappeared. The partial hydrocarbon degradation in the polluted samples was primarily due to the indigenous, actively propagating Arthrobacter strain. Seeding the 28-week-old polluted samples with local or foreign oil-degrading isolates did not lead to enhancement of hydrocarbon degradation and resulted in dramatic decreases in the numbers of the predominant, indigenous, oil-degrading Arthrobacter strain, KCC 201. Some of the seeded organisms, particularly the foreign isolates, failed to establish themselves in the polluted samples, apparently because of microbial competition.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Gulf War brought about to the State of Kuwait some of the worst environmental pollution as a result of oil spill. Since 1995, research programs have been initiated to avoid further damage to the Kuwaiti desert and marine environment and to restore and rehabilitate the polluted land, water, and air ecosystems. During the following 15 years, different bioremediation methods both on laboratory and small field scales were tested and evaluated. The findings of these studies were implemented to establish a bio-park in which ornamental shrubs and trees were grown in bioremediated soil. This review will focus on Kuwait’s experience in rhizoremediation and its positive impacts on oil-contaminated sites.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 09/2012; 20(1). DOI:10.1007/s11356-012-1182-8 · 2.76 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A microcosm test was designed to study the efficiency of bioremediation treatments at oil contaminated shorelines. The biodegradation in the hermetically closed microcosm was monitored by measuring the total cumulative inorganic carbon evolved during the bioremediation process. The effects of three different additives, medium-release methylene urea (MU) + apatite, fast-release MU + superphosphate, and a biosorbent, on the biodegradation of weathered crude oil (North Sea Brent) were evaluated at +10°C. All the additives significantly increased mineralization. The total amount of inorganic carbon evolved during the 10-week study was measured in the microcosm treated with oil, and with oil and medium-release MU + apatite, fast-release MU + superphosphate, and biosorbent. The amounts were 40,670,490, and 580 mg, respectively. The respirometric measurements were supported by microbiological determinations, ATP content in the sand, number of heterotrophic bacteria, and amount of biomass-C determined by the substrate-induced respiration method. Nutrient analysis indicated that biodegradation was nitrogen limited. The microcosm test proved to be suitable for comparing the effectiveness of different treatments in enhancing the biodegradation of crude oil-contaminated shores.
    Bioremediation Journal 01/2002; 6(2):143-158. DOI:10.1080/10588330208951210 · 0.71 Impact Factor


Available from
Jun 26, 2014