Fluid balance in critically ill children with acute lung injury*

Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland, Oakland, California, United States
Critical care medicine (Impact Factor: 6.31). 07/2012; 40(10):2883-2889. DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31825bc54d
Source: PubMed


OBJECTIVES: In the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial (NCT00281268), adults with acute lung injury randomized to a conservative vs. liberal fluid management protocol had increased days alive and free of mechanical ventilator support (ventilator-free days). Recruiting sufficient children with acute lung injury into a pediatric trial is challenging. A Bayesian statistical approach relies on the adult trial for the a priori effect estimate, requiring fewer patients. Preparing for a Bayesian pediatric trial mirroring the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial, we aimed to: 1) identify an inverse association between fluid balance and ventilator-free days; and 2) determine if fluid balance over time is more similar to adults in the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial liberal or conservative arms.
DESIGN: Multicentered retrospective cohort study.
SETTING: Five pediatric intensive care units.
PATIENTS: Mechanically ventilated children (age>/=1 month toyrs) with acute lung injury admitted in 2007-2010.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Fluid intake, output, and net fluid balance were collected on days 1-7 in 168 children with acute lung injury (median age 3 yrs, median PaO2/FIO2 138) and weight-adjusted (mL/kg). Using multivariable linear regression to adjust for age, gender, race, admission day illness severity, PaO2/FIO2, and vasopressor use, increasing cumulative fluid balance (mL/kg) on day 3 was associated with fewer ventilator-free days (p=.02). Adjusted for weight, daily fluid balance on days 1-3 and cumulative fluid balance on days 1-7 were higher in these children compared to adults in the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial conservative arm (p

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