Defect engineering: reduction effect of hydrogen atom impurities in HfO2-based resistive-switching memory devices.
ABSTRACT In this study, we propose a new and effective methodology for improving the resistive-switching performance of memory devices by high-pressure hydrogen annealing under ambient conditions. The reduction effect results in the uniform creation of oxygen vacancies that in turn enable forming-free operation and afford uniform switching characteristics. In addition, H(+) and mobile hydroxyl (OH(-)) ions are generated, and these induce fast switching operation due to the higher mobility compared to oxygen ions. Defect engineering, specifically, the introduction of hydrogen atom impurities, improves the device performance for metal-oxide-based resistive-switching random access memory devices.