Assessing Intimacy: The Pair Inventory*
ABSTRACT PAIR, acronym for Personal Assessment of Intimacy in Relationships, was developed as a tool for educators, researchers and therapists. PAIR provides systematic information on five types of intimacy: emotional, social, sexual, intellectual and recreational. Individuals, married or unmarried, describe their relationship in terms of how they currently perceive it (perceived) and how they would like it to be (expected). PAIR can be used with couples in marital therapy and enrichment groups.
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ABSTRACT: A number of governments and public policy institutes have developed ``Quality of Life Indexes'' – statistics that attempt to measure the quality of life for entire states or regions. We develop 14 criteria for determining the validity and usefulness of such QOL indexes to public policy. We then review 22 of the most-used QOL indexes from around the world. We conclude that many of the indexes are successful in that they are reliable, have established time series measures, and can be disaggregated to study subpopulations. However, many fall short in four areas: (1) indexes vary greatly in their coverage and definitions of domains of QOL, (2) none of the indexes distinguish among the concepts of input, throughput, and output that are used by public policy analysts, (3) they fail to show how QOL outputs are sensitive to public policy inputs, and (4) none have examined convergent validity against each other. We conclude that many of these indexes are potentially very useful for public policy and recommend research to further improve them.Social Indicators Research 01/2001; 55(1). · 1.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose was to investigate the influence of couple emotional intimacy on job perceptions (job concerns and job rewards) and work–family conflict (both work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict). Data on 567 couples came from a subset of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development’s Study of Early Child Care taken when the target children were fifth graders. The researchers used an actor–partner interdependence model (APIM) to examine mothers’ and fathers’ couple emotional intimacy and its influence on self- and partner perceptions of job concerns and job rewards as well as work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict. Both mothers’ and fathers’ couple emotional intimacy predicted fewer job concerns, more job rewards, less work-to-family conflict, and less family-to-work conflict for her- and himself. No partner effects were found in the model.Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal. 06/2012; 40(4).
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ABSTRACT: Estimating levels of user trust is important for maintaining continuous use of e-commerce systems because trust alleviates user concerns about the invisibility of service providers or their reputation. Conventional trust estimation approaches such as policy-and reputationbased reasoning have focused on the experience of e-commerce systems at an early stage. However, only a few trust reasoning methods have considered the mature stage, which is more related to continuance intention. We propose a trust reasoning method dedicated to the mature stage of using e-commerce systems. In particular, a new method of unobtrusively estimating the degree of user intimacy is developed, because intimacy has been highly associated with trust as well as reputation. Our experiments show that the proposed method is valid and can be used in conjunction with reputation-based trust reasoning.The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies. 05/2013; 18(2).