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Flavonoids: Potent inhibitors of poliovirus RNA synthesis

Antiviral chemistry & chemotherapy 12/1990; 1(3):203-209.

ABSTRACT Some naturally occuring flavonoids, such as 3-methyl quercetin and Ro-090179, show potent anti-picornavirus activity. They inhibit poliovirus replication at concentrations 100-fold or 1000-fold lower than hydroxybenzyl-benzimidazole (HBB) and guanidine, respectively. Ro-090179 selectively blocks viral RNA synthesis in poliovirus-infected HeLa cells more strongly than 3-methyl quercetin and is therefore the most potent and selective inhibitor of poliovirus RNA synthesis described until now. In addition, Ro-090179 discriminates in its inhibition between plus- and minus-stranded RNA synthesis. Thus, analysis of the viral RNA made in poliovirus-infected cells when the compound is added late in the infection cycle, indicates that the synthesis of genomic RNA is potently blocked, whereas minus-stranded RNA synthesis is not inhibited. These findings make Ro-090179 a valuble compound for obtaining insight into the molecular mechanism of poliovirus RNA replication.

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